Sonnet 18

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Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day main theme
Shakespeare asks, Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? in his famous love poem. In Sonnet 18 he praises his lover’s beauty in such an astonishing way that makes you want to be the person he is in love with. On the other hand he is aware of the fact that beauty is not everlasting and he is bewildered by the idea. So he tries to find a way to make her beauty eternal and resolves in dedicating this poem to her. Therefore the main theme in the poem Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? is to capture eternal beauty. In my opinion, the poem Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? is a love poem. The poet is obviously in love with a very beautiful person. He shows his admiration of her prettiness throughout the poem. He exaggerates her beauty by making an attempt to compare it to the splendors of nature such as a Summer day. He tries to make a comparison between his lover and summer and decides that her beauty is beyond compare. Summer is a lovely season and according to Shakespeare his beloved is superior. Summer is not sufficient enough to compete with her beauty, which is clear when he says, “Thou art more lovely and more temperate”? (Shakespeare line 2) He emphasizes the flaws of this season, “Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May”(line 3) . He also says that Summer can be too hot, “Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines”(line5) . These faults in a Summer day support the idea that her beauty is flawless unlike Summer. Despite the difference between them, Summer and Shakespeare’s lover’s beauty share one common feature.

Both Summer and Shakespeare’s beloved one’s beauty are not permanent. Soon seasons change and Autumn takes away all the beauty of Summer. Shakespeare complains of summer being too short, “And summer’s lease hath all too short a date”(line 4). He says all the nice things come to an end, “And every fair from fair sometimes declines”(line 6). Because of the way nature works he...
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