International Political Economy
Table Of Contents
I. Introduction 3 II. Short History Of Somalia 4
III. Some basic humanitarian and development facts about Somalia 5-8 IV. Law Of The Sea 8-9 V. Piracy around Somalia 9-15
VI. The international response 15-21
VII. Private security and Somalia piracy 21-22
VIII. Conclusion 23
IX. Recommendation 23
X. Reference: 24-30
What is piracy? Piracy may consists of any following acts example (a) it is an illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by a crew or passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed. (i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft;(ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State;(b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft;(c) any act inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in sub-paragraph (a) or (b). Piracy is also considered to occur in the international waters while armed robbery at sea occurs in the territorial waters or in port. A good example of piracy is the coast of Somalia. It is growing at an alarming rate and threatens to drastically disrupt international trade. It is providing funds that feed the various war in Somali and could be a potentially become a weapon of international terrorism or a cause of environmental disaster. For a long time piracy has been a problem mostly associated with the Malacca Straits between Indonesia and Malaysia, but it is now growing issue for fragile African states. Up to September 23,2008 there was 61 actual and attempted hijacks that had been recorded by the (ICC)and (IBM). In the last week of August 2008 alone for vessels were captured and the the year has seen Somalia piracy rise up the news agenda. propelled by the capture of the Luxury yacht Le Ponant and the kidnap of a German couple who had been sailing their yacht through the Gulf of Aden. Since the end of piracy activity in 2007it has shifted away from Mogadishu port area and into the Gulf of Aden. The actual number of attacks could well be higher because not all incidents are reported as there is much illegal activity in Somalia waters and the official statistics do not measure the impact of piracy on Somalia coastal trade. Some of the 16,oo ships a year pass through the Gulf of Aden carrying oil from the Middle East and goods from Asia to Europe and North America. So one of the most important trade routs in the world is now threatened by the chronic instability in Somalia For the past ten years piracy has been the problem in Somalia waters. However the number of attempted and successful attacks has risen over the last three years. The only period during which piracy virtually vanished around Somalia was during the six months of rule by the Islamic Courts Union in the second half of 2006. This shows that Somalis is still capable of controlling piracy. But after the removal of courts piracy re-emerged. With little functioning government, long, isolated, sandy, beaches and a population that is both desperate and used to war, Somalia is a perfect environment for piracy to thrive.
Short History Of Somalia :
To develop its fishing industry. Somalia received aid from Denmark, Great Britain, Iraq, Japan, Sweden, USSR and West Germany. During the Siad Barre regime. Cooperatives had fixed prices for their catch, which was often...