Solution Focused Therapy

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Social Work Department

Faculty of Humanities

University of Johannesburg

Student Surname| Le Roux|
Student Initials| C|
Student First Name| Charlene|
Student Number| 201170104|

Assignment Title| Practice Model|
Date of Submission| 15 March 2013|
Course Title| B Social work|

Lecturers Name| Prof. Adrian Van Breda|
Course Code| SW2A11|

Plagiarism Declaration| I, Charlene Le Roux 201170104, declare that this assignment is my own original work. Where secondary material has been used (either from a printed source or from the internet), this has been carefully acknowledged and referenced in accordance with departmental requirements. I understand what plagiarism is and aware of the department’s policy in this regard.| Name| Charlene Le Roux|

Signature| |

Index Page

1.2.3.4.5.5.15.25.35.45.55.65.767.8.| Introduction History of Solution Focused TherapyUnderlying theoryKey principlesApplication to the PCPEngagementAssessmentPlanningImplementingEvaluationTerminationFollow-upCritical reflectionConclusionReference list| Page 334-55-66-116-77-88991010-11111213|

1. Introduction

I have chosen to do the Solution focused therapy practice model (Hereafter referred to as SFT). I chose this model because I was interested in finding out more about how to use one’s own resources and strengths to empower oneself. My hardest issue with counseling is learning how to teach clients how to use their own resources instead of supplying it myself and also encouraging clients to come up with their own solutions and just giving them advice and my opinion. SFT discusses the different techniques one can use to ensure they are empowering their clients and not doing everything for them.

2. History

The two founding theorists for SFT are Insoo Kim Berg and Steve De Shazer. Together they adapted existing theories to mold into a theory of their own. They strongly believed that true positive change lies within the client themselves and not in the relationship between the client and worker.

Berg was the cofounder of a center in Milwaukee in 1978 whose intention was to launch the mental research institute and it used Brief Family therapy. This was an organization that made no profit and was used to serve the needs of people in surrounding areas and people and families that were poor or living in poverty (O’Connell, 2005). Four years later this became the home of SFT (Lee, 2011). De Shazer later worked in the center and was thoroughly trained in brief family therapy. According to Milton Erikson, brief therapy models were hugely influenced by the strengths perspective and social constructivism. The strengths perspective is about using one’s own strengths, assets and resources to come up for solutions that are best suited for them and their problem rather than simply providing everything for one’s client. It goes with the famous saying “Give a man a fish and he will eat for a day, but teach him how to fish and he will eat for a lifetime”.

Berg and De Shazer developed this model by listening to and using the feedback of their clients. They created this model by observing therapy sessions to observe the techniques and skills the therapist used, by listening to the feedback of their clients about what was or was not working for them and by observing the progress of their own clients (Lee, 2011).

3. Underlying theory of practice model

Social constructivism strongly influences SFT (O ‘Connell, 2005). This perspective states that human beings create their own reality through different linguistic means. In other words, we create our own realities through conversations and by our own view of the truth so therefore each person has a different meaning that has been created which in turn means that there is no ‘objective truth’ that is true in any situation. This all implies that each person’s problems are constructed by the way in which they talk. As a result of each person having...
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