Solution Focused Brief Therapy

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Solution focused brief therapy a type of talking therapy was developed in the 1980’s by husband and wife Steven De Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg and other members of their team. SFBT focuses on finding solutions to problems rather than addressing problems. Its focuses on future outcomes and goal setting methods to elicit change in an individuals prefeered future.

A number of techniques are used including the miracle question.

SFBT believe that change is constant and that each indiviudla has the resources within them to be their own “therapist” however many needing help and guidance to see this.

It focuses on positives and avoids any reference to the presenting problems and use of negative language. It builds on the clients strehghts and skills helping them to identify their own inner and external resources.

Although predominately future oriented one method of elicitng inner resources etc is to look at past successes when a client has dealt with problems.

SFBT believes that small changes can lead to big changes, therefore the emphasis is on setting small, specific, realistic and achievable goals rather than more large ambitious ones. The focus of the goal should be framed with the solution and not the absence of the problem ie “ I want to be calm and relaxed” not “I don’t want to be stressed out all the time” SFBT uses the same process with each individual client regardless of the presenting problem so is suitable for a range of issues. Miracle question

The miracle question is the longest question used in sfbt its purpose is to allow the client a look into their future without their problem. I The question can be adapted to suit the needs of the client but asks if a miracle had happened and they woke up tomorrow and the problem had vanished what would be different. The therapist then goes through a number of questions to encourage the lient to visualise their preferred future. Scaling questions are also used to assess the differences in how...
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