Mechanics Module M1

Advanced Subsidiary / Advanced Level

Paper B

Time: 1 hour 30 minutes

Instructions and Information

Candidates may use any calculator except those with a facility for symbolic algebra and / or calculus. Full marks may be obtained for answers to ALL questions. Mathematical and statistical formulae and tables are available. This paper has 7 questions. When a numerical value of g is required, use g = 9.8 m s-2 .

Advice to Candidates

You must show sufficient working to make your methods clear to an examiner. Answers without working will gain no credit.

Written by Shaun Armstrong & Chris Huffer

Solomon Press

These sheets may be copied for use solely by the purchaser’s institute.

1.

A constant force, F, acts on a particle, P, of mass 5 kg causing its velocity to change from ( – 2i + j) m s-1 to (4i – 7j) m s-1 in 2 seconds. (a) (b) Find, in the form ai + bj, the acceleration of P. (2 marks)

Show that the magnitude of F is 25 N and find, to the nearest degree, the acute angle between the line of action of F and the vector j. (5 marks)

2.

A particle A of mass 3m is moving along a straight line with constant speed u m s-1. It collides with a particle B of mass 2m moving at the same speed but in the opposite direction. As a result of the collision, A is brought to rest. (a) Show that, after the collision, B has changed its direction of motion and that its speed has been halved. (4 marks)

Given that the magnitude of the impulse exerted by A on B is 9m Ns, (b) 3. find the value of u. (3 marks)

P

B

A Fig. 1

Q

Figure 1 shows two window cleaners, Alan and Baber, of mass 60 kg and 100 kg respectively standing on a platform PQ of length 3 metres and mass 20 kg. The platform is suspended by two vertical cables attached to the ends P and Q. Alan is standing at the point A, 1.25 metres from P, Baber is standing at the point B and the tension in the cable at P is twice the tension in the cable at Q. Modelling the platform as a uniform rod and Alan and Baber as particles, (a) (b) (c) find the tension in the cable at P, find the distance BP. State how you have used the modelling assumptions that (i) (ii) the platform is uniform, the platform is a rod. (2 marks) (2 marks) (5 marks)

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M1B page 2

4.

A sports car is being driven along a straight test track. It passes the point O at time t = 0 at which time it begins to decelerate uniformly. The car passes the points L and M at times t = 1 and t = 4 respectively. Given that OL is 54 m and LM is 90 m, (a) find the rate of deceleration of the car. (5 marks)

The car subsequently comes to rest at N. (b) 5. H Find the distance MN. P (4 marks)

30° Fig. 2 A particle P, of mass 2 kg, lies on a rough plane inclined at an angle of 30° to the horizontal. A force H, whose line of action is parallel to the line of greatest slope of the plane, is applied to the particle as shown in Figure 2. The coefficient of friction between the particle and the plane is 1 . 3

Given that the particle is on the point of moving up the plane, (a) (b) draw a diagram showing all the forces acting on the particle, (2 marks)

show that the ratio of the magnitude of the frictional force to the magnitude of H is equal to 1 : 2 (7 marks)

The force H is now removed but P remains at rest. (c) Use the principle of friction to explain how this is possible. (2 marks) Turn over

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M1B page 3

6.

A car of mass 1.25 tonnes tows a caravan of mass 0.75 tonnes along a straight, level road. The total resistance to motion experienced by the car and the caravan is 1200 N. The car and caravan accelerate uniformly from rest to 25 m s-1 in 20 seconds. (a) Calculate the driving force produced by the car’s engine. (4 marks)

Given that the resistance to motion experienced by the car and by the caravan are in the same ratio as their masses, (b) find these resistances and the tension in the towbar. (4...

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