Solid Waste Segregation

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SOLID WASTE SEGREGATION AND RECYCLING IN METRO MANILA:

HOUSEHOLD ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR

Ma. Eugenia C. Bennagen, Georgina Nepomuceno and Ramil Covar

June, 2002

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This study was made possible through a research grant from the IDRC/EEPSEA to the Resources, Environment and Economics Center for Studies, Inc. (REECS).

The authors acknowledge with great appreciation the guidance and support throughout the project of Dr. David James, EEPSEA resource person, and the valuable inputs and comments to the various drafts of the report of the following persons: Mr. Jose Logarta Jr., Dr. Aleta Domdom, Dr. G. Bautista, Dr. David Glover, Dr. Hermi Francisco, and Dr. L Viloria. Many thanks also go to Mr. Salvador Passe and Ms. Helen Agacer for providing access to valuable information and reports.

The valuable research assistance of Mr. Vincent Altez and the assistance of the enumerators in the conduct of the household survey are highly appreciated.

Comments should be sent to: Ma. Eugenia C. Bennagen, Resources, Environment & Economics Center for Studies (REECS), Suite 405, The Tower at Emerald Square, J.P. Rizal cor. P. Ruazon Sts., Project 4, Quezon City 1109, Philippines

Email: bennagen@skyinet.net; reecs@skyinet.net

EEPSEA was established in May 1993 to support research and training in environmental and resource economics. Its objective is to enhance local capacity to undertake the economic analysis of environmental problems and policies. It uses a networking approach, involving courses, meetings, technical support, access to literature and opportunities for comparative research. Member countries are Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Lao PDR, China, Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka.

EEPSEA is supported by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC); the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DANIDA); the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands; the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA); the MacArthur Foundation; and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD).

EEPSEA is supported by a consortium of donors and administered by IDRC. Tanglin PO Box 101, Singapore 912404 Ž Visiting address: 7th Storey RELC Building, 30 Orange Grove Road Ž Tel: 65 6831-6854 Ž Fax: 65 6235 1849 Ž E-mail: eepsea@IDRC.org.sg Ž Website: //www.eepsea.org

EEPSEA publications are produced by Corpcom Services Sdn. Bhd. in association with the Montfort Boys Town, Malaysia. This program provides vocational training to boys from low-income families and home-based work to mothers. EEPSEA publications are also available online at http://www.eepsea.org.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive Summary1

1.0 Introduction1

2.0 Solid Waste Management5

3.0 Methods6

3.1Conceptual Framework6

3.2Sampling and Data Collection8

3.2.1 Household Survey and Secondary Data Sources………………………..8

3.2.2 Quantity of Household Wastes………………………………………….9

3.2.3 Waste Segregation and Resource Recovery – Econometric Analysis…..9

3.2.4 Economic Benefits of Resource Recovery…………………………….10

3.3 Limitations…………………………………………………………………...11

4.0 Results And Discussion 12

4.1 Socio-economic and Waste Management Profile of Study Sites12

4.1.1 Barangay Sun Valley, Paranaque City12
4.1.2 Barangay Barangka, Mandaluyong City14

4.2 Waste Generation and Resource Recovery16

4.2.1 Wastes Generated, Recovered, Burned and Disposed16
4.2.2. Wastes Recovered by Material…………………………………….. 18 4.2.3 Implications of LGU Waste...
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