Solar Use in India

Topics: Solar energy, Nuclear power, Photovoltaics Pages: 11 (3005 words) Published: March 13, 2013

NATS 1810


Figure 1 Solar plant in Gujarat, retrieved from

India, originally the Republic of India is the 7th largest country by area, 2nd most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world. The Indian economy is the world’s tenth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. RE: GDP Data 2011, retrieved from World Bank Database. A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks seventh in military expenditure among nations.

Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity. Concentrated solar power systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaics convert light into electric current using the photoelectric effect .

Figure 2 Simple Solar Power Process

India is densely populated and has high solar insolation, an ideal combination for using solar power in India. India is already a leader in wind power generation. In the solar energy sector, some large projects have been proposed, and a 35,000 km2 area of the Thar Desert has been set aside for solar power projects, sufficient to generate 700 GW to 2,100 GW.

Solar power has been introduced a long time ago. It has brought new hopes and aspirations, and has also sparked millions of debates. But no one till this date has denied its requirement. No one has had a say in which solar power is deemed the villain in the film of the world. The reason solar power becomes the epitome of human civilization is because of the sun.

The sun will outlive us all, and is incomparable when it comes to sources of energy. The reason why solar power has become so primarily important because it brings light to the doom and gloom in this world in a very lateral sense.

The topic “SOLAR ENERGY IN INDIA” is the presentation of the situation in India, and its effects globally. The analysis includes the important aspects of technology and also the science behind the entire process. It includes the pivotal role solar power in India has globally. The global benefits and repercussions have therein an important effect on the future of solar power in the country. When we worship the sun whether for tans or watts, we worship the past. Factoid: The sunlight you see now actually left the sun eight minutes ago. (Light travels at 186,000 miles per second and the sun is on average 93 million miles away)

Before understanding the technology behind what transpires behind the success, we need to know why it was chosen to be in it in the first place. IS THERE REALLY A DIFFERENCE IN TECHNOLOGY?
When you make cars, usually each manufacturer has its own technology. Does it mean the technology used in India can be different?

The approach in making power plants and having enough resources to sustain its performance is the key to success.

Numbers don’t lie and it has to be taken into account the facts and figures. According to a 2011 report by BRIDGE TO INDIA and GTM Research, India is facing a perfect storm of factors that will drive solar photovoltaic (PV) adoption at a "furious pace over the next five years and beyond". The falling prices of PV panels, mostly from China but also from the U.S., has coincided with the growing cost of grid power in India. Government support and ample solar resources have also helped to increase solar adoption, but perhaps the biggest factor has been need. India, "as a growing economy with a surging middle class, is now facing a severe electricity deficit that often...
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