Solar Energy Crises in Pakistan

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Prospects of Solar Energy Development in
Pakistan

Project Advisor
Mr. Abdullah Irshad Sipra
(Lecturer Department of Business Administration)
University of Sargodha, Pakistan

Submitted By:
Sajjad AliMBA-Exe-11-006
Syed Aown MuhammadMBA-Exe-11-009
Imtiaz Ahmad KhanMBA-Exe-11-020
Syed Fayyaz HaiderMBA-Exe-11-027
Saleem AltafMBA-Exe-11-034

In the name of ALLAH,

The Compassionate,

The Merciful

Peace and prayer be upon

His last

Prophet and Messenger

DEDICATED
TO
OUR PARENTS
FOR
THEIR LOVE AND SUPPORT

PREFACE

This report spreads over on 20 pages which explain the current energy crises of Pakistan and need for solar energy development as the main source of revenue and electricity production in the country. This shows tremendous potential in this field as for as production of electricity is concern and expected extra ordinary profit on the Solar P.V products.

This report covers the vast economic opportunities available for development in this sector under the government’s investor friendly incentives which include personal and financial security, tax free environment for promotion of Solar energy and availability of raw materials at the most affordable and cheap rate.

The report clearly, vividly, and unambiguously indicates the potential available in Pakistan than any other economic sector of the country.

Authors

Acknowledgements
This is not the result of five person efforts, we must thank to all who have helped us with their valuable advices. First of all, we must say thanks to Almighty ALLAH who has always provided us with a way through. We must say special thanks to Mr. Naveed Qamar Minister of Water & Power for his skillful guidance and support in this project. We will remain under the debt of obligation to him for his interest, guidance and encouragement, supervision and discussion related to his project. His knowledge perished all the difficulties which come over way. We are also thankful to Mr. Abdullah Irshad Sipra for his guidance, encouragement and moral support. In the last we are very thankful to our parents who supported us morally and socially in every sphere of life.

Authors

Contents

Description Page No.

SUMMARY…………………………………………………………07

CURRENT ENERGY SITUATION ……………………………………07

ELECTRICITY CRISIS OF PAKISTAN ………………………………09

WHY USE SOLAR POWER? ……………….…………………………10

COST CALCULATION OF SOLAR PV PANELS……………….………12

FUTURE OF SOLAR ENERGY ………………………….…………….12

IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLAR PV IN OTHER COUNTRIES…………13

DEVELOPMENT AND UTILIZATION OF SOLAR PV
ENERGY IN PAKISTAN ………..……………………….……………13

RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC …….……… 16

SOLAR PV VALUE CHAIN ………..……………………….…………18

MARKET ENTRY ……………..……………………….…………..... 24

INCENTIVES FOR PROMOTION OF SOLAR ENERGY
BY GOVERNMENT ……………..……………………….…………..25

REFERENCES. . . .……………..……………………….……………..28 INSTALLATION / OPERATION OF SOLAR PV MANUFACTURING
& POWER PLANT IN PAKISTAN

1. SUMMARY
Pakistan is an oil importing country and its economy suffers the most by the oil prices inflict. Majority of its power generation is thermal with furnace oil, high-speed diesel and natural gas as fuel; coal is almost nonexistent. Because of fast growing economy and population the demand of energy is rapidly increasing. The electricity generation capacity in Pakistan is over 20,000 MW. This is not enough to meet our electricity demand. According to GOP estimates the generation capacity needs to grow by 50% by 2010 in order to meet the expected demand. Pakistan is endowed with various renewable energy resources such as hydel, solar, wind, geothermal and bio-fuel. It can earn dividends if these resources are explored, exploited and developed properly. The use of...
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