Soft and Hard Power in International Relations

Topics: International relations, Diplomacy, Soft power Pages: 2 (657 words) Published: April 14, 2013
Today I would like to present something about diplomacy. I’ll be talking about soft power and hard power in international relations. Who created those terms and how they are implemented in foreign policy. Diplomacy in the XXI century it’s absolutely different than in the past but since then it has influence on foreign policy. Today we have new technologies and lots example to communicate with every embassy. States have the ability to react fast and they can quickly send new instruction to ambassadors, ministers and envoys what they should to be consistent with national interest. Most important in these relations is to adjust state policy to preserve international order. One way of keeping order is the usage of Cultural Diplomacy. A starting definition of culture is offered by the American political scientist and author, Milton C. Cummings, in his description of cultural diplomacy as: “the exchange of ideas, information, values, systems, traditions, beliefs, and other aspects of culture, with the intention of fostering mutual understanding”. The creator of the distinction between soft and hard power in the activities of states in the international arena is an American international relations theorist Joseph Nye. So could you try to tell me what is soft power, what makes soft power soft?? soft power - a new peaceful instrument of diplomacy "Soft power uses - - - an attraction to shared values and the justness and duty of contributing to the achievement of those values." It’s the ability to get what you want by attracting and persuading others to adopt your goals. The term is now widely used in international affairs by analysts and statesmen. For example in 2010 Annette Lu, former vice-president of the Republic of China on Taiwan, visited South Korea and used soft power as a model for the resolution of international conflict. Moreover the success of soft power heavily depends on the actor’s reputation within the international community, as well as the flow of...
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