Socrates v. Euthyphro: What Is Piety?
In Athens Greece, there was a very wise man considered by the Athenians who lived through the Periclean age (around 400 BC) and his name was Socrates. For most of his life time Socrates was a highly well respected philosopher; who loved teaching philosophy of life to anyone who listen in the street of Athens. All was dandy until his friend Chaerephon had told him that “He went to Delphi at one time and ventured to ask the oracle – as I say, gentlemen, don create a disturbance – he asked if any man was wiser than I, and the Phythian replied that no one was wiser” (Plato, p 26). During Socrates crusade of trying to find who was the wise man alive. Socrates oversteps his boundary and decries powerful men’s. Now these powerful men (Lycons, Meletus, and Anytus) started to dislike Socrates and his teaching; claiming that Socrates teaching is corrupting the minds of the Athenian youth and that he also did not believed in the Greek gods, so Socrates seventy years of age was put on trial. Near the king-archon’s court, Euthyphro was astonished to see Socrates at the court house. Now Socrates finds this very interesting because Euthyphro, a professional priest highly respected by “authorities” (those who wants to get rid of Socrates) is at the court house to prosecute his father for murder. Now for Socrates to have a clear knowledge of the definition of what Piety is? Which he could use to help defend himself, because prosecutors know and think highly of Euthyphro “an expert on ritual and on piety generally” (Plato, p 2) was for Euthyphro to explain why he was prosecuting his father for murder. Only then Socrates could equivalent between himself and Euthyphro; who citizens’ highly respect, bringing him respect, and freedom. Now Socrates wants Euthyphro to elucidate to him the meaning of piety since Euthyphro considered himself an authority over the subject. This is where Socrates begins his dialogue with Euthyphro seeking...
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