Firstly, Socrates gives his definition of happiness before he discusses virtue and its relation with happiness. He seems to hold a unique definition of happiness states that the usual definition of happiness just makes one think that they are happy; however, the real happiness consists of something much deeper. He says, "The Olympian victor makes you think yourself happy; I make you be happy" (Apology 36e-37a). The constant questioning he practices, according to Socrates himself, is in effect helping the Athenians be happy because it is helping them move along the scale of wisdom. His further dialogue clearly explains that true happiness goes beyond worldly goods and external wealth. He says, "Wealth does not bring about excellence, but excellence makes wealth and everything else good for men" (30b). In other words, one is not able to buy perfect happiness. So, one might ask what else is needed to achieve perfect happiness if it can't be achieved by wealth and external comforts alone? The answer, according to Socrates, is virtue.
Being virtuous means doing and being good as much as one possibly can and according to Socrates, this is the most precious quality one can have.... [continues]
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