Sociology Youth Crime

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Youth crime
In youth crime there are patterns and trends in youth crime. The ethnicity is in 2007-8 black young people made up 3% of the general 10-17 population but account for 7% of those coming to attention of the youth justice system. 14% of those received a custodial sentence and almost 1 in 3 given a sentence of long term detention. But during 2007, 74% of all young people convicted, warned or reprimanded for an offence were male, and there is no enidence that female youth offending is increasing at any faster rate than males Pitts (2008) research on gangs shows there are stronger links between young people involvement in crime and living in disadvantage areas than there are with their individual family or educational characteristics. It could be argues that deviance engages in by middle class youths is less likely to be labelles by the police or other agents as worthy of attention. The functualists approaches is a subculture and strain theo, like merton (1939) argues that the offending commited by young people was the result of a poor fit or a strain between the socially accepted goals of society and the socially approached means of obtaining those desired goals. This leads to deviance, he argues that impossible standards and goals are set onto young people and when they are unable to achieve these goals e.g. finding a job, doing well in school, then they become disenchanted with society and seek out other alternative (generally deviant) ways of behaving. In most places which are known to be the poorest towns, certain forms of crime have become the cultural norm , being brought down from one generation to the next as part of a normal socialation pattern. Successful criminals provided role models for the young, demonstrating both the possibilities of success through crime, and its normality. Sub-cultural theory suggests that certain groups within society form their own distinct subculture that differs from the rest of society. As part of the process of socialisation, certain forms of behaviour become the norm from one generation to the next. There are several examples of sub-cultures within society. For example the sociologist Albert Cohen studied the subculture of working-class boys in education. Women commit less crimes then men because of socialistion they are taught that some things are seen as devient or even crimminal. Boys are allowed toys that make them act devient.women commit less crime because, they have less opuritunnity, Behaviour is more closely monitored and Women often do domestic chores e.e House work, cook food and look after the children. There are more Opportunities for criminal behaviour as More young people (aged 14 – 25 – the peak ages for criminal activity) live in urban areas which provides more opportunities forcrime: more shops, offices, businesses, cars, houses etc.  Fewer opportunities for serious work-related crimes because young are rarely in positions of authority. They is More opportunities for work-related crime for older people.  Middle and upper class youth have fewer opportunities for crime because they are more-likely to be in full-time education up to age of 21 / 22 than working class youth.  Working class youth more-likely to be in low-paid, low skill work (or unemployed). Criminal behaviour may be used as a source of excitement as well as money. Women will have fewer opportunities to commit crimes if they have a home / children to look after.  After age 25 we see a steep drop in criminal activity as people take-on new roles such as wage-earner, parent, spouse etc. The possibility of jail time becomes a relatively more-serious matter because of the impact it will have on the perpetrators life and responsibilities. Given that the vast majority of crime is relatively petty, older people may cease to follow a lifestyle (clubbing…) that gives them opportunities for these crimes.  As people get older they take-on more personal responsibilities (work / career for example) and...
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