In youth crime there are patterns and trends in youth crime. The ethnicity is in 2007-8 black young people made up 3% of the general 10-17 population but account for 7% of those coming to attention of the youth justice system. 14% of those received a custodial sentence and almost 1 in 3 given a sentence of long term detention.
But during 2007, 74% of all young people convicted, warned or reprimanded for an offence were male, and there is no enidence that female youth offending is increasing at any faster rate than males Pitts (2008) research on gangs shows there are stronger links between young people involvement in crime and living in disadvantage areas than there are with their individual family or educational characteristics. It could be argues that deviance engages in by middle class youths is less likely to be labelles by the police or other agents as worthy of attention.
The functualists approaches is a subculture and strain theo, like merton (1939) argues that the offending commited by young people was the result of a poor fit or a strain between the socially accepted goals of society and the socially approached means of obtaining those desired goals. This leads to deviance, he argues that impossible standards and goals are set onto young people and when they are unable to achieve these goals e.g. finding a job, doing well in school, then they become disenchanted with society and seek out other alternative (generally deviant) ways of behaving.
In most places which are known to be the poorest towns, certain forms of crime have become the cultural norm , being brought down from one generation to the next as part of a normal socialation pattern. Successful criminals provided role models for the young, demonstrating both the possibilities of success through crime, and its normality.
Sub-cultural theory suggests that certain groups within society form their own distinct subculture that differs from the rest of society. As part of the process... [continues]
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