SOCIOLOGY OF URBANISATION

Topics: Sociology, City, Émile Durkheim Pages: 4 (1373 words) Published: September 3, 2014
Using one city ofyour choice in Zimbabwe assess the role of urbanization on social relations. Urbanization is the shift from rural to an urban society bringing a large concentration of people into towns and cities. The term urbanization is derived from the Latin “urbs” used by the Romans referring to a city (www.sociologyguide.com).ThompsonWarran also defined urbanization as the movement of people from communities that mainly practise agriculture to other communities generally larger whose activities are primarily centered in governance, trade and manufacture. Urbanisation is a two way process because it involves not only movement from village to cities and change from agriculture occupation to business,trade,service and profession but also involves change in the migrants’ attitudes, beliefs and values behavior patterns. The facilities like education, healthcare, employmentavenues, civic facilities and social welfare are reasons attracting people to urban areas(www.sociology.com).Various theories of urbanism focus on how living in city affects interaction patterns and social relations, this essay seeks to describe how urbanism has affected social relations in the city of Mutare. Before the industrial revolution families were a unit of production and considered to be multifunctional. Every member of the family had to work including small children. Families had wide kinship networks and supported each other and main sectors of production were agriculture and animal husbandry. With the industrial revolution people had to adapt to new conditions and change something in their lifestyle. The industrialization lead to urbanism which demanded higher geographical mobility which lead to a reduction of kinship network. Women and children were side lined from work in order to perform family’s functions and men were seen as breadwinners. However people interpret the effect of urbanization differently and functionalists see urbanization as a necessary development in order...
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