Is sociology a science?
Sociology is the study of human social behaviour. It is in face a science, better said a social science which overlooks a variety of aspects affecting human social behaviour such as social stratification, social class, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, sexuality and deviance. The roots of sociology are connected with Greek philosophers such as Plato and are connected with surveying and collecting data based on a sample group. Sociologists were and are interested in why people act in a certain manner – what day-to-day habits do people follow? How does discrimination play role in modern society? What are social norms, why are they inflicted upon us and why do we follow them almost religiously? Before the developed thinking of the Renaissance, people were more concerned about the material world such as nature, therefore their primeval concern was on the emergence of mathematics, physics and other nature sciences. When arts, literature, poetry and a more developed thinking started arising at the time of the Renaissance did humans begin to concern themselves with studying and understanding the mind, this leading to them becoming curious about understanding the relationship between people and communities and thus developing the field of Sociology. To be accurate and reliable, social experiments must be performed in a structured manner which needs skills like knowledge of history, understanding contemporary situations, and conceptual methods. This led to development of social methods of research and exploration. Over all these years the field of sociology developed many social thinkers each with their own theory, perspective, and methods. But the argument remains on whether sociology is a science afterall. Social norms and facts are much harder to distinguish since it is not a ‘thing’ with a physical existence that can be investigated, poked and prodded like a biologist studying a nucleus of cell would or a physicist studying...
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