Date: October 21, 2012
June 2006: “Population Control is the key to the development of Caribbean countries”. Assess this claim with reference to any named Caribbean country. (25 marks)
Population Control speaks to a government policy attempting to limit the growth in numbers of a population especially in poor or densely populated parts of the world by programmes of contraception or sterilization. In reaction to the prediction by clergyman, Thomas Malthus that the world’s population would soon outgrow its food supply, a movement began in the early twentieth century to limit the number of births and therefore limit the growth of the world’s population. The movement is supported by groups such as the International Planned Parenthood Federation. A number of countries have made population control a national policy to varying extents the methods of population control include family planning, birth control, contraception and abortion.
Most Caribbean countries are characterized by low living standards, large scale unemployment and underemployment, low levels of productivity and not to mention high population growth rates. Population Control Policies are based on the premise that improvement in people’s lives must be achieved through reduction in the role of population growth. The top five most developed Caribbean countries are Barbados, Cuba, Trinidad and Tobago, Antigua and Barbuda and St. Kitts and Nevis respectively. Statistics showed are based on their individual human development index which is a compilation of life expectancy, education and income indices.
Jamaica as indicated by this top five listing has a human development index of 0.771 were the annual rate of population growth has been relatively stable since roughly the end of world war 1 between 1881 and 1921 emigration and disease caused the rate of population growth to fall to very low levels. In Jamaica 1983, the Jamaican parliament adopted...