Sociology Essay

Topics: Sociology, Structural functionalism, Émile Durkheim Pages: 4 (1116 words) Published: November 12, 2012
Keyshla Mercado- G.
Mrs. Amanda Richard
SYG 2000 Web
Sept. 9, 2012
Essay #1
According to, Datin Sitti Haishah Abd Rahman, “development of sociology took place in Europe during 18th and 19th centuries as the results: of a new industrial economy, the growth of cities, the political change, and a new awareness of society.” She adds that, “the term sociology was coined by a French social thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857).” In the book, Thinking Sociology by Carl, sociology is defined as, “a science guided by the basic understanding that the social matters: our lives are affected, not only by our individual characteristics, but by our place in the social world.” Sociology should be studied using sociological imagination, “the ability to look beyond the individual as the cause for success and failure (micro, small scale) and see how one’s society influences the outcome (macro, large scale).” Developing a sociological imagination, American sociologists C. Wright Mills (1916-1962) says, “helps you understand your place in a complex world.” Furthermore, he adds that, “we must grasp both the history and the biography of the situation to generate this imagination.” This comprehension enables us to do so. Sociology examines the relationship between individual choice and social forces. Carl writes that, “there are often several biographical and historical causes for every event.” He adds that, “using a sociological imagination means that we consider the impact on the individual from these points of view.” Suicide is the most personal type of death, and yet sociologist Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) proposed two social forces: “solidarity, the level of connectedness a person feels to others in the environment and social control, the social mechanisms that regulate person’s actions.” These two forces are independent factors that help predict the type of suicide someone might commit: egotistic (depression), altruistic (obligation to the group), fatalistic (hopelessness), and...
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