Sociology Chapter 8 Quiz Answers

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1.| |
| Feminists argue that gender matters because _____.|
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B.| it structures social relations between people| |
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2.| |
| Sexuality refers to _____.|
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A.| desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior| |
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3.| |
| Gender studies can be said to focus on the relationship between _____.| |
C.| nature and nurture| |
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4.| |
| When we look back in history to examine ideas about sex, we find that the binary sex system with which we are familiar ____.| |
D.| has not always been the standard model| |
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5.| |
| Biological determinism is _____.|
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C.| a theory that explains sexuality in terms of biological givens| |
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6.| |
| Which of the following statements offers an essentialist explanation for gender differences?| |
B.| Women are overrepresented in professions such as nursing, teaching, and social work because they are inherently more nurturing and caring than men.| |
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7.| |
| What does the existence of the nadle in Navajo tribes or the berdache in other Native American cultures teach us about gender?| |
D.| Concepts of gender are not absolute and unchanging.| |
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8.| |
| _____ is a nearly universal system involving the subordination of femininity to masculinity.| |
D.| Patriarchy| |
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9.| |
| Talcott Parsons’s sex role theory proposed that a healthy, harmonious society exists when women and men _____.| |
D.| try out different roles and find the one or ones that are the best fit on an individual level| |
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10.| |
| Your introductory sociology professor believes that gender roles serve a purpose in society to fulfill certain functions. What type of theoretical background is your professor espousing?| |

D.| structural functionalism| |
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11.| |
| Which of the following theories is associated with the idea that gender is a process—a product of our everyday social interactions?| |
C.| psychoanalytic theory| |
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12.| |
| Which of the following statements can be most closely associated with a conflict theory approach to gender studies?| |
A.| There are women who are in positions of privilege in relation to some men.| |
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13.| |
| Black feminists challenged the notion that _____.|
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B.| all women experience oppression in the same way| |
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14.| |
| How might a sociologist describe the difference between homosexuality and homosexual behavior?| |
D.| Homosexuality implies having a certain social identity, whereas homosexual behavior is a choice about a particular activity at a particular time.| |
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15.| |
| Michel Foucault argued that the development of homosexuality as a social identity was related to _____.| |
C.| the development of states and scientific disciplines and a desire in both arenas to monitor and categorize people and their behavior| |
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16.| |
| Which of the following jobs could be described as a “pink-collar” job?| |
B.| executive assistant| |
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17.| |
| According to some sociologists, what happens when the number of women in a given profession starts to increase?| |
A.| The profession loses some of its desirability for men, so fewer men enter the profession and it eventually becomes dominated by women.| |
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18.| |
| While policies that overtly discriminate against women have mostly been driven from the workplace, there still exist covert barriers that are often referred to as _____.| |
C.| the glass ceiling| |
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19.| |
| Women working in male-dominated professions often find that there are _____ opportunities for advancement, and men working in female-dominated professions often advance...
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