Sociology - Boys Underachievement

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The Underachievement of boys
- Using information from the Items and elsewhere assess sociological explanations of boys underachievement in education ( 20 marks ) The male underachievement has been a concern since the mid 90's. The media portrayed this and moral panic went around family households and concerns in schools followed soon after. It is mainly the working class black boys that tended to underachieve in education. Also the male underachievement is partly to do with external factors, these are things that happen outside of school. Poor literacy skills and the decline of traditional male jobs, for example manufacturing etc. Another is internal factors that have affected the underachievement. Laddish subculture, feminisation of education and a shortage of male school teachers in primary schools. Fancis and Skelton (2005) believe that the concern over this issue has been an exaggerated 'moral panic' - a sudden and illogical outburst about a supposed decline in society that does not reflect reality. However, there is evidence that shoes that certain boys are underachieving. Working class boys still tend to do very poorly in the education system. There has been a widening of the gender gap, the difference in performance between males and females. This suggests that there is some problems to explain the underachievement in boys. Underachievement in boys also comes from the lack of interaction between the culture of masculinity and the education system. Francis (2000) suggests that both genders face problems in education, but there are number of problems specific to boys. Boys get more classroom attention from teachers, but are criticized more by teachers. This is demotivating them and lowering their expectations. Secondly in the 1970's, boys tended to think that they were more able than girls. Changing teachers attitudes and publicity about male underachievement have led to boys losing their confidence. And lastly the stereotype of the ideal pupil tends to...
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