Sociology Anthology

Topics: Sociology, Culture, Anthropology Pages: 2 (256 words) Published: September 3, 2013
THE STUDY OF CULTURE

what is culture ;
the latin word is CULTURA which means CARE or CULTUS “ civilization”

TYPES of CULTURE

*MATERIAL CULTURE – icludes a physical objects or artifacts . *NON-MATERIAL -aspetcs of culture is the meaning and substance inherent in culture .

COMPONENTS OF CULTURE

norms – are often to described as social . These are guides or model . Folkways- they are repitetive or typical habits folkways is the customary ways . Mores -as a consequence , violations of mores result in disaprovable and even severe punishment . Laws- decleration of human rights .

Values- represent the standards we use to evaluate the desiralibilty of things . Languange – it refers to a system symbol ,have a specific and arbitrary meaning in a given society . Fashion ,fads ,crazes – they are more short lived social norms w/ which people are expected to comply with.

ADAPTATION

adaptation is its being ADAPTIVE .
*DIFFUSION – common process of patterns and traits
FISSION – trace historically when long -established society breaks up into two or more . Independents units . PARALLELISM- development od culture characterestics and two widely separated cultures . MODES O ACQUIRING CULTURE

*imitation -imitates even the undesirable traits from his peer group . *indoctrination- formal teaching .
conditioning -the individual acquires a certain pattern of beliefs, values,behavior amnd action .

CULTURAL VARAIABILTY

*ETHNOCENTRISM – this is a universal phenomenon .
CULTURABILITY - moral standards of rights and wrong and good and bad for evaluating cultural phenomena .
“OTHER CONCEPTS CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE “
CULTURE SHOCK – experience by migrants or even by professionals. CULTURAL LAG – this is meant to the dysfunction in .
CULTURAL DUALISM- onething that characterized filipino culture .
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