Sociology and True Ref

Topics: Sociology, Social class, Society Pages: 33 (5558 words) Published: September 17, 2014
CHAPTER 1

MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. How might the design of a classroom environment enable discipline? (REF: 3-4) a. the types of chairs used
b. the use of clocks and bells
c. the spacial arrangement of students
d. all of the above

2. People differ in how they view the world because (REF: 5) a. they live in different geographical locations
b. religions have different views of the world
c. cultures and hence cultural norms differ
d. of biological differences

3. How do anthropologists account for fundamental cultural differences such as how people marry, contemplate death, or recognize what counts as food? (REF: 7) a. People’s views on these issues are products of their environment b. certain perspectives are less modern, and most likely will disappear c. meanings are ascribed by those who share, use and experience these issues d. These differences are by-products of biological differences

4.. The ethnocentric fallacy is the notion that our beliefs are (REF: 8) a. right while those of other people are wrong
b. shared by all other people
c. influenced by our language
d. influenced by those outside our belief system

5. A relativist position assumes that a specific belief or behavior can best be understood (REF 8) a. in relation to other cultures with similar beliefs and behaviors b. by finding a similar belief or behavior in your own culture c. by dissecting and analyzing its structure and meaning

d. in relation to the cultural systems of meaning in which they are embedded

6. For the Wari, eating the flesh of the dead used to be (REF 9) a. required
b. a means of erasing their memory of the deceased
c. a means of accepting their loss
d. all of the above

7. Why do human rights activists usually reject moral and cultural relativism? (REF 12) a. because they have little interest in other societies and cultures b. because their main focus is on international law

c. because relativism assumes that there is a universally accepted value system d. because relativism requires observers to accept all values and practices

8. What makes cultural anthropology different from other forms of social science research? (REF 14) a. the use of surveys
b. the use of fieldwork and participant observation
c. a focus on qualitative research
d. the use of opinion polls

9. What is the purpose of using the ethnographic method as a research approach? (REF 17) a. to try to see the world as others do in order to understand and describe these different views b. to measure one’s personal values against other values

c. to question the beliefs of the society being studied
d. to ask embarrassing questions about other cultures

TRUE/FALSE

1. Cultural relativism holds that no behavior can be judged odd or wrong solely based on difference. (REF 8) True

2. Because people in different societies give different meanings to events, objects, and people they experience, differences in cultures exist. (REF: 5) True
3. To assert that a man from a different society dressed in ceremonial attire looks odd is an ethnocentric fallacy (REF 7) True

4. The Wari people of South America practiced cannibalism due to food shortages. (REF: 9-10) False

Chapter 2
The Meaning of Progress and Development

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.The main organizing principle of hunting/gathering societies was a)
class.
c)
kinship.
b)
agricultural production.
d)
language.

REF:30TOP:Question 2.1

2.Social differences among people in hunter gatherer societies were mainly based on which of these factors? a)
gender
c)
age
b)
wealth
d)
Two of these choices

REF:30-31TOP:Question 2.1

3.The three stages that Lewis Henry Morgan believed human societies evolved through are a)
nomadism, agriculturalism, and industrialism.
b)
nomadism, sedentism, and agriculturalism.
c)
savagery, barbarism, and civilization.
d)
savagery, nomadism, and sedentism.

REF:32TOP:Question 2.1...
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