Essentials of Sociology
A Down-to-Earth Approach
Katherine R. Rowell
Sinclair Community College
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Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Allyn and Bacon, Permissions Department, 75 Arlington Street, Boston, MA 02116 or fax your request to 617-848-7320. ISBN 0-205-45740-1 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 10 09 08 07 06 05
CONTENTS Successful Study Strategies Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective Chapter 2: Culture Chapter 3: Socialization Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interaction Chapter 5: Social Groups and Formal Organizations Chapter 6: Deviance and Social Control Chapter 7: Global Stratification Chapter 8: Social Class in the United States Chapter 9: Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity Chapter 10: Inequalities of Gender and Age Chapter 11: Politics and the Economy Chapter 12: Marriage and Family Chapter 13: Education and Religion Chapter 14: Population and Urbanization Chapter 15: Social Change: Technology, Social Movements, and the Environment Answer Key 1–12 13–27 28–40 41–54 55–67 68–81 82–95 96–110 111–124 125–139 140–154 155–169 170-185 186–200 201–216 217–231 232–269
SUCCESSFUL STUDY STRATEGIES
Successful Study Strategies
Welcome to Sociology! You are about to embark on a fascinating journey in which you will discover all sorts of new and interesting information about yourself and the world around you. This study guide has been prepared to accompany the textbook Essentials of Sociology: A Down To Earth Approach by James M. Henslin. This introductory chapter describes what you will find in the study guide, explains how to use the study guide to maximize your learning, and gives you some suggestions on how to approach different types of test questions. It is intended to help you learn the material and achieve academic success.
The place to look for information about what is important in any course is the course syllabus that the professor hands out on the first day, or in the first few days, of class. This document should provide you with an outline of the topics that will be covered over the semester and information on the course work that is expected of you as a student. For instance, the syllabus should tell you how many tests and quizzes there will be, the nature of these tests and quizzes, and when they are scheduled throughout the semester, as well as deadlines and due dates for written assignments and other class projects. The syllabus should also include information on how the professor calculates your final grade; you should be able to determine which course work he or she emphasizes most by looking at how much each component in the course counts toward that final grade.
MAKING THE MOST OF COURSE MATERIALS
You will be expected to purchase the required text or texts for the course; often, the professor includes some recommended reading; it is up to you whether or not you read these additional texts. Increasingly, in courses such as the one you are taking in sociology, there are study guides like this one that accompany the text. This particular study guide includes the following for each chapter: A chapter summary that summarizes the main ideas found in the chapter. A set of learning objectives that state what you should be able to do once you have read the textbook and learned the material. Make sure that you can meet each of the listed...