Application of Social Sciences in Human Life
Social Sciences concern people’s relationship and interactions with one another. Sociology can be defined as the science that deals with human relationship. It is the study of how human beings relate with each other, how each individual relationship has been influenced by other people and patterns which are formed out of their interactive relationships. Sociology emphasizes group relationships and total social environment. Sociology studies human behaviour in a different way from other academic approaches. It is widely applicable in all spheres of human life like economics, law, anthropology, history, sociology, political science. Sociology is considered as mother of social sciences. Hence there is a close and intimate relationship between sociology and other social sciences. A multi-disciplinary field, Sociology draws from a variety of other social sciences, including anthropology, political science, psychology and economics. Many comparatively new fields such as communication studies, cultural studies, demography and literacy theory, draw upon methods that originated in sociology. Sociology and History are so intimately related that writers like Von-Bulow have refused to acknowledge Sociology as a science distinct from History. History is the record of the life of societies of men, of the changes which the societies have gone through, of the ideas which have determined the actions of these societies and of the material conditions which have helped or hindered their development. It studies the various stages of life, modes of living customs, manners and their expression in the form of social institutions. Sociology is concerned with the study of the historical development of the societies. G.H. Howard even remarked that History is past Sociology and Sociology is present History. G.E.C Catlin remarked that Political Science and Sociology are two faces or aspects of same figure. Political Science is a branch of social science dealing with the principles of organization and government of human society. It deals with the social groups organized under the sovereign of the state. It’s rightly said that without the sociological background the study of Political Science will be incomplete. Sociology shares a close, intimate and personal relationship with economics as economic relationships bear a close relation to social activities and relationships. Likewise Social relationships also affected by economic relationships. Economic activates to a great extent are social activities. Thomas even remarked that Economics is, in fact, but one branch of Sociology. The relationship between Sociology and Anthropology is so close that Anthropologists consider Sociology and Anthropology as twin sisters. Sociology is concerned with the association of human beings. It is a science that deals with social groups. Anthropology is concerned with study of man’s a science of man, it deals with man, his works and his behavior. R. Redfield even commented that they appear to be two names for the same subject. Sociology and psychology has so closely interlinked that psychologists like Karl Pearson refuse to accept both as a special science. Sociology is a science of social phenomenon and social relationship. It is a science of collective behavior studying human behavior in groups. Psychology is a science of mind or mental processes. It is a science of human behaviour that analyses attitudes, emotions, perceptions, process of learning and process of formality formation in society. Sociology receives from psychology and without help of psychology; Sociology cannot understand itself fully and properly. Applicability of Social Sciences in terms of some of the following aspect of the human life: Anthropology
Application of Social Science or Sociology in Anthropology:
Illustration and Examples
1.1) What is Anthropology?
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