Sociology is the scientific study of society and human behavior. This is the most basic definition of sociology that one would find. Getting a little more in depth, it is the study of humans in groups and how they interact with one another. A scientist in this field, a sociologist, would look at these groups by means of the sociological perspective. This involves looking at a certain behavior like you have never witnessed it before. If done correctly the sociologist should be able to gain a new level of understanding of the behavior or social reality.
The term group could refer to a lot of things as far as groups of people. It could be two people but for the purpose of sociology it should be a lot more. There are demographic variables used when defining the group. These are things such as race, religion, sex, social class, and so on.
When a sociologist studies behavior the most important aspect they view is the interaction of people both within the group and with people that fit into other groups. This action can be what the individuals verbally say to one another or simply their nonverbal messages. There are many hand signs, both good and bad, that people exchange as well as facial expressions in reaction to an event or statement. Now that I have some of the terms described lets look at an example.
I hate lawyers. This is a personal opinion of mine and a lot of other peoples. Its nothing personal against any one of them, I don't like the way they operate and the way they have set the system up for their own benefit. They have made it impossible for anybody to navigate their way through even the simplest of legal matters without their assistance. I also believe that there lack of values and ethics are responsible for a lot of problems in this country. This is what's called a level 1 perspective. It's my view of a group of people in our society, their behavior, and how their behavior interacts with society.