Franklin Henry Giddings, Ph.D., LL.D. (March 23, 1855 – June 11, 1931) was an American sociologist and economist, born at Sherman, Connecticut. He graduated from Union College (1877). For ten years, he wrote items for the Springfield, Massachusetts Republican and the Daily Union. In 1888 he was appointed lecturer in political science at Bryn Mawr College; in 1894 he became professor of sociology at Columbia University. From 1892 to 1905 he was a vice president of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. His most significant contribution is the concept of the consciousness of kind, which is a state of mind whereby one conscious being recognizes another as being of like mind. All human motives organize themselves around consciousness of kind as a determining principle. Association leads to conflict which leads to consciousness of kind through communication, imitation, toleration, co-operation, and alliance. Eventually the group achieves a self-consciousness of its own (as opposed to individual self-consciousness) from which traditions and social values can arise. Sociology
The mechanics of society fall under two general groups: social statics and social dynamics. Social dynamics is further divided into social genesis and social telesis. Social telesis may be further divided into individual telesis and collective telesis.
Telesis: Progress consciously planned and produced by intelligently directed effort. Social telesis: The intelligent direction of social activity towards the achievement of a desired and understood end. Collective telesis: Adaptation of means to ends by society. Individual telesis: The conscious adaptation of conduct by an individual to the achievement of his own consciously apprehended ends. Ward theorized that poverty could be minimized or eliminated by systematic state intervention. He believed that humankind is not helpless before the impersonal force of nature and evolution. Instead, through...
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