SOCIOLOGY

Topics: Sociology, Social behavior, Social relation Pages: 12 (3698 words) Published: April 21, 2014
PAMANTASAN NG CABUYAO
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY (SOCSCI 1)
Mrs. Daryl D. Legion
Handout 1

Auguste Comte – father of sociology
An early nineteenth-century French philosopher who conceived the word sociology in 1839 he intended to name the new science as social physics, but rejected the term after a Belgian scholar Adolphe Quetelet called his area of endeavor social physics

What is Sociology?

A combination of Latin and Greek; socio (society) and logy (study on a high level) Sociology means the study of society (men/human beings in interdependence) on a highly generalized abstract level. The unit of sociological study is never an individual, but at least two individuals somehow related to one another. It is interested in what happens when man meets man.

Definition of Sociology

The study of social relation that affects human behavior.
The science of society and the social interactions taking place in it. It focuses attention on all kinds of social interactions: social acts, social relationships, social organization, social structures and social processes. The social facts it gathers include the recurrent repetitive forms of behavior: attitudes, beliefs, values, norms and social order.

Importance of Sociology

1. Sociological information enables us to understand our society more objectively and to see our place in it. 2. The study of sociology enables us to learn application of scientific information to daily life and problems. 3. It helps us to replace superstitions and misinformation by accurate knowledge about human behavior.

Early Sociologists

1. Auguste Comte (1798-1867) – he believed that sociology would enable men to achieve social harmony . 2. Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) – An English philosopher who believed that one could learn a great deal about social growth by comparing primitive groups with more advanced groups. 3. Karl Marx (1848-1883) - A German who saw history as involving a series of struggles between different social classes. He wrote “The Communist Manifesto” 4. William Graham Sumner (1840-1910) – An American who believed that the evolution of society paralleled biological evolution. 5. Lester Frank Ward (1847-1939) – The first president of the American Sociological Association (1906). He believed that societies tend to progress from national freedom to political freedom and to social freedom which required planning of social sciences like sociology. 6. Ferdinand Toennies (1855-1936) He observed the change from close-knit communities to “gemeinschaft” in which the individual has no close ties with others. 7. Emile Durkheim (1858-1971) Father of Modern Sociology. His work SUICIDE was one of his contributions to sociology and included his development of the concept of anomie. 8. Max Weber (1864-1920) He provided us with his concept of the ideal type and identified various characteristics of bureaucracy as an ideal type. 9. Charles Horton Cooley (1864-1929) He preferred to look first at smaller intimate, face-to-face groups such as families and groups.

The first teaching of Sociology in the Philippines was credited to F. Valentin Marin at the University of Santo Tomas in 1896. In 1911, Murray Bartlett and A.E.W. Salt initiated sociology at the University of the Philippines.

AREAS Of SOCIOLOGY

1. Social Organization –this studies social groups, social institutions, social stratification, mobility, ethnic relations and bureaucracy. 2. Social Change, Social Organization, Social Disorganization – this includes the study of change in culture and social relations and the current social problems in society. 3. Social Psychology – this studies human nature as the outcome of group life personality formation, social attitudes and collective behavior. 4. Human Ecology – this studies the behavior of a given population and its relationship to the group’s present social institutions. 5. Population Studies – this is concerned with population number, composition, change and quality as...
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