Sociology

Topics: Social class, Sociology, Marxism Pages: 7 (2130 words) Published: November 28, 2013
Social factors are more important than biological factors in determining one’s health conditions. “Do you agree with the statement and why? Explain and illustrate your answer with relevant examples.

Content
1. Introduction
2. Health and disease
3. Different models of health considering health
a. Bio-medical model
b. Social model
c. Example of two models of health
4. Discuss how social factor impacts on one health condition a. Gender
a.i. Gender role
i.i.1. Masculinity
i.i.2. Femininity
i.ii. Division labour in gender
b. Marxist Perspective in social class
i. Poverty
i.1.1. Absolute poverty
i.1.2. Relative poverty
c. Structural explanation between social inequality and health 5. Conclusion

1. Introduction
Health is important to us. We cannot focus or pay attention on one thing at a long period if we are sick. Most of the people just focus on biological factors. However, people tend to ignore other factors, like social factors. Social factors are more important than biological factors in determining one’s health conditions.

2 Health and disease
First of all, health is often defined as “absence of disease” in the Western world. However, there are many conditions that are not diseases. A person may have a condition that affects the person's health. For example, there are also disabilities that are technically not diseases but the disability affects the person's health and well-being. Therefore, there are some organizations achieved to define health. The World Health Organization (WHO) asserts that Health is “not merely the absence of disease, but a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” (WHO, 1948, P.1) Dorland's medical Dictionary also defines health as "a state of optimal physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease." Dorland and WHO and the ancient societies such as Chinese subscribe to a comprehensive view of health with spiritual, social, and physical criteria.

3 Different models of health considering health
There are two models of health, bio-medical model and social model, which give different explanations of causes of illness and disease. a. Bio-medical model
The biomedical model focuses on biological factors, and excludes psychological, environmental, and social influences. This is the dominant way to diagnose and treat a “sick” condition in most modern Western health care. Some suggested that the model should be more holistic concepts of health are also part of medical practice (Blaster, 1990). Most health care professionals do not first ask for a psychological or social history of a patient; instead, they tend to analyze and look for biophysical or genetic malfunctions. The focus is on objective laboratory tests rather than the subjective feelings or history of the patient. It does not account for social or psychological factors that could have a role in the illness. In this model, each illness has a cause, and once the cause is removed, the patient will be healthy again. b. Social model

Social model improves health and well-being which is achieved by focusing on the social and environmental factors with biological and medical factors. It recognizes that other factors play a role in determining who becomes sick and why. It also emphasizes the way in which health care is affected by a range of social factors. The social model can provide some insights into the causes of disease and help to shape treatment.

The factors include people’s:

c. Example of two models of health
A 54-year-old man had a stroke. He has some weakness in his left leg. Stroke and weakness in his leg are considered as biological and medical factor in biomedical model. He has not returned to his work in a hospital finance department and is depressed and irritable. Those are social and environmental factors in social model.

4 Discuss how social factor impacts on one health condition...
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