Sociology

Topics: Sociology, Social sciences, Criminology Pages: 4 (1036 words) Published: September 25, 2013
I.THE HUMAN SOCIETY
MEANING OF SOCIOLOGY
Sociology is the study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions.[1] It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigation[2] and critical analysis[3] to develop a body of knowledge about human social actions, social structure and functions. A goal for many sociologists is to conduct research which may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure.[4]

SOCIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE
Sociology is a science every bit as much as biology or chemistry. Social sciences, like natural and biological sciences, use a vigorous methodology. This means that a social scientist clearly states the problems he or she is interested in and clearly spells out how he or she arrives at their conclusions. Generally, social scientists ground the procedure in a body of existing literature. This is precisely how other sciences function.

THE RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIOLOGY TO OTHER SOCIAL SCIENCE
Psychologists try to understand the working of the human mind (thoughts, emotions, principles, experience) and how this affects one's behaviour. It is a separate discipline from Sociology but does assists sociologists in explaining some sociological processes. Sociology can also help in explaining some of the aspects of Psychology, for example: how one's social environment (sociology) influenced his principles and beliefs (psychology).

Political Science can be regarded as a branch of Sociology; dealing mainly with the political aspects of Sociology. Sociology covers politics in society but Political Science is more in-depth.

Economics can be considered to be a highly complex branch of Sociology making it difficult to identify a relationship between the two...
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