Herbert Spencer was born in England. He belonged to a well reputed family. He has known as the second father of Sociology. He and Comte who made the subject more interesting among the intellectuals. His interests are varied and he took interests in Mathematics, Biology, literary, History and Natural Sciences. He was a great writer. Some of his great writings are Principles of Biology, Principles of Psychology, Principles of Sociology, Principles of Ethics and the study of Sociology.
Herbert Spencer was the first man who applied the concept of Evolution on the universe. His thinking was that Rules of Evolution that applied on the physics of man similarly, can apply on the society. Like humans change from simple form to complex form just like it society also evaluate from simple to complex.
He divided the universe into two parts.
Unknown world: -The things that relates with beliefs like GOD, Gods, Spirits, heaven etc.
Known world : - The things that have physical status.
He said that the rules that applied on the physical material that also can apply on the society to know the evolution of society. According to him if it works then we can guess about the future incidents.
If someone wants to know about the social evolution then he should understand the fundamental laws of physical evolution.
Physical world based on energy and energy consists on two components matter or motion. Know it is necessary to know about the rules of both components. That rules are divided into two stages.
1. Primary Laws.
2. Secondary Laws.
The primary laws are:
1) Energy and force tends to persist.
2) The matter is indestructible.
3) The motion is continuous.
Harmony of all laws
In first rule it is said that the laws that are made or discovered have no confliction between each other. No one rule has confliction with other.
Principle of formal change and uniformity
In second rule that matter or motion... [continues]
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