Sociology

Topics: Sociology, Social stratification, Max Weber Pages: 5 (1411 words) Published: July 9, 2013
Jelthea L. Caleja
BPA 1-2
Sosyolohiya, Kultura at Pagpapamilya W 1:30-4:30

What is Sociology?
Sociology is the study of human social relationships and institutions. Sociology’s subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Unifying the study of these diverse subjects of study issociology's purpose of understanding how human action and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures. Sociology is an exciting and illuminating field of study that analyzes and explains important matters in our personal lives, our communities, and the world. Ang sosyolohiya ay ang pag-aaral ng mga alituntunin ng lipunan at mga proseso na binibigkis at hinihiwalay ang mga tao di lamang bilang mga indibiduwal kundi bilang kasapi ng mga asosasyon, grupo, at institusyon.sosyolohiya – ang agham ng lipunan; ang makaagham na pag-aaral ng mga grupo at lipunang binuo at kinabibilangan ng mga tao at kung paaano ito nakaaapekto sa pag-iisip ng sangkatauhang kabilang sa lipunan.Sa sosyolohiya, tinitingnan natin ang sariling problema na kaugnay o bunga ng iba pang mga pangyayari sa lipunan.

What is Sociology as a science?
Sociology is a science every bit as much as biology or chemistry. Social sciences, like natural and biological sciences, use a vigorous methodology. This means that a social scientist clearly states the problems he or she is interested in and clearly spells out how he or she arrives at their conclusions. Generally, social scientists ground the procedure in a body of existing literature. This is precisely how other sciences function.

What is Sociology as a discipline?
The groups within which we spend our lives—in our families, schools, communities, workplaces, and societies—help to define us in the eyes of others, while defining us to ourselves as well. Sociologists possess a quality of mind that helps them to use scientific knowledge and logical reasoning in order to develop understandings of what is going on in the world. Sociology is a discipline that makes it possible to see how individual experiences—how we act, think, feel, and remember—are connected to the wider society. To understand human experience better, we must understand all that we can about groups and social relationships. Sociologists examine the shared meanings that humans attach to their interactions with one another, and they study human experience as it unfolds within societies over time. They study social patterns that are stable and also those that are changing.

What are the areas of Sociology?
Sociology is a very broad and diverse field. There are many different topics and scopes in the field of sociology, some of which are relatively new. The following are some of the major areas of research and application within the field of sociology. Family. The sociology of family examines things such as marriage, divorce, child rearing, and domestic abuse. Specifically, sociologists study how these aspects of the family are defined in different cultures and times and how they affect individuals and institutions. Deviance And Crime. These sociologists, also called criminologists, examine cultural norms, how they change over time, how they are enforced, and what happens to individuals and societies when norms are broken. Deviance and social norms vary among societies, communities, and times, and often sociologists are interested in why these differences exist and how these differences impact the individuals and groups in those areas.

Demography. Demography refers to a population's composition. Some of the basic concepts explored in demography include birth rate, fertility rate, death rate, infant mortality rate, and migration. Demographers are interested in how and why these demographics vary between societies, groups, and...
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