Topics: Sociology, Karl Marx, Max Weber Pages: 1 (358 words) Published: April 26, 2013
Sociology is defined as the study of human society. Sociology emerged after the French Revolution in response to modernity. The term sociology was coined by the French essayist Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes. The definition that is given today was from August Comte in 1838. He is considered the founder of sociology. August Comte was a french philosopher who was a founder of sociology and the doctrine of positivism. Positivism is a philosophy of science. It is based on the view that information derived from logical and mathematical treatments and reports of sensory experiences the exclusive source of all authoritative knowledge. Herbert Spencer was also credited with helping. He was an English philosopher, biologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era. He came up with the idea of Social Darwinism. Karl Marx also made a huge impact on early sociology. He was a Prussian-German philosopher and revolutionary socialist. He was a social activist who came up with the theory of class conflict which is where the lower and higher classes will always clash due to their different positions in society. A few more early pioneers in sociology are Emile Durkheim and Max Weber. Emile Durkheim was a french sociologist in the eighteen hundreds. He formally established the academic discipline and is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science. A lot of his work dealt with how societies could maintain their integrity and coherence in modernity. Modernity refers to a post- traditional and post- medieval time period. Max Weber was was a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist. He, along with Marx and Durkheim, is considered a father of sociology. His ideas influenced social theory, social research, and the discipline of sociology itself. He was a key proponent of methodological antipositivism. He argued for the study of social action through interpretive means. Sociology was not a firmly established field...
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