Sociological Inquiry

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A Sociological Inquiry
Presented to
The School of Humanities and Social Sciences
Mapua Institute of Technology

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for
Social Science 11

Zyrene John Villanueva
Jerold Chris Egargue
Ezekiel Solano
Mark Joseph Pascual
Calvin Villanueva
November 19, 2011

In the Philippines, there is a serious conversation and debate in the congress and senate about the artificial family planning method and teaching sex education in secondary schools. This activities aims to reduce the rapid growth of our population that is now in 98 million. The senates and representatives believe that knowledge about engaging to sex and these possible contraceptives, may reduce the fertility rate in the country. The consequences of population growth are the following: high societies are not able to provide good health, education and welfare programs; the process of industrialization is slowed down; technology is costly and uncertain; consumption patterns destroy the ecosystem as technology depletes the natural resources and environmental problems are accelerated; it contributes to social inequality; it reduces the country's ability to solve problems peacefully.

On the artificial family planning method, the continuous debate is because of the uncertainities and danger of the said method to the child and the mother, that may lead to abortion. Condoms, oral pills and other forms of contraceptives are the possible equipment to reduce this rapid growth. Also, the activity may engage young adults or couple to premarital sex and may lead to an unexpected pregnancy. Since the Philippines is a catholic country, the church and other religious group blame moral decay and the "proliferation of contraceptives" for productivity, abortions and illegitimate births. According the Catholic doctrine, the sexual act should always be for the purpose of procreation and taking place within context of marriage. In due to this, the Church recomends only one method of birth control- natural family planning, which helps the couple to develop patience, self control, and responsibility.

Moreover, there is also a debate about teaching sex education in high schools, or probably elementary. This activity aims to inform young adults about the danger of engaging oneself to premarital sex. Early child birth, unexpected responsibilities and high-risk pregnancy are the result of premarital sex. Parents believe that sex education must be their responsibility and not of the school or other learning institutions. Although premarital sex is accepted in other countries, the Philippines which is a conservative nation see it as deviance and not an acceptable behaviour. Just like the Church, engaging to sex must be taking place within the context of marriage.

Objectives of the Study
To study and analyze social issue, paricularly premarital sex, and know its causes and effects to the society. This social inquiry aims to answer the following specific objectives:

1. To define sex, from a biological and cultural perspective.
2. To define forms of premarital sex
3. To summarize profound changes in sexual attitudes and practices during the last century, noting in particular sexual behaviour in the United States with regards to premarital sex and sex among adults.

4. To discuss the issues surrounding the high rate of teenage pregnancy.

Biological Perspective of Premarital Sex
Also called non-marital sex, youthful sex, adolescent sex and young adult sex is a sexual activity, inlcuding vaginal intercourse, oral sex, anal sex, practiced by persons who are unmarried. Although it has always been practiced in the West, it has increased in the prevalence since the mid 1950's. Historically considered taboo by many cultures and considered a sin by numerous religions, it has commonly accepted in the last few decades.

1. Vaginal Intercourse is the penetration of...
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