Socio Legal Status of Women in India

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“Socio-Legal Status of Women in Post Independence India; A Human Rights Perspective” The post independence period is the era in which a lot has been done and a lot is to be done for the upliftment and emancipation of the womenfolk. In this period, a large number of legislative measures have been adopted by the parliament and it is evident in the form of several legislations. Judiciary has also not lagged behind .It has by its various judgments and directions kept pace with the parliament and has given also judgments in the areas in which parliament failed to enact any law. The apex court particularly took account the provisions mentioned in the international conventions regarding women. In present scenario position of Indian women has deteriorated a lot. Though women are participating in all activities such as education, politics, media, art and culture, service, science and technology etc. but some newer forms of violence and in most aggravated forms have been witnessed in present times. Even the efforts of the organs of the govt. cannot be said to be efficient enough as the women today are facing graver problems than that they used to suffer earlier. The enactment of Acts have helped but not totally solved the problem. Law has tried a lot but society has not responded much. Law is nothing but a prescriptive pattern of behavior. Law reinforces the existing mode and provides a uniform procedure for the evaluation and punishment of deviance from the existing rules. It’s a tool of social control and maintainability of social stability. Law also brings about social change by influencing behavior, beliefs and values. As an instrument of social change, law involves two interrelated processes. By means of new enactments institutionalization of new pattern of behavior manifesting new social values. There must be a collective cultural process, so that law may become an active social force. If the institutionalization is successful, it facilitates the internalization of...
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