Mrs. Reshma, M.A., LLB, M.Phil (Research Scholar) Asst.Professor, Dept. of SOCIOLOGY, Government First Grade Collage, Tarikere, Chickmagalur District. Mob: no: 9448948451
* Introduction: -
Nature created woman different from men with a definite purpose. Balance is stillness and stagnation; imbalance is motion and progress. Nature designed life and action by means of the imbalance brought about in the traits of men and women. In the process, women find themselves at the receiving end. They ended up as the weaker half of society by their very nature and are naturally handicapped in a world of men, by men, for men.
The available literature on evolution of Indian culture and civilization reveals that although the ancient writers pretended to record their revered admiration for the womanhood yet in actual practice women have always been suppressed and exploited by the dominant male members of the society. Law of Manu insisted that woman must constantly worship her husband as God, though he may be a wicked person or a womanizer. According to him, an ideal woman is one who does not break the bonds of her matrimonial home. The salvation and happiness of a woman thus revolved round her virtue and chastity as a daughter, wife and a widow. In the male dominated society, woman has always been kept in subjugation by her husband because by nature, she is supposed to be weak and meek. In theory they are respectable but in practice they are the subjects of cruelty, ill-treatment, and all sorts of misbehavior of males. The vulnerability of the women as a class has nothing to do with her economic independence. The women have been a victim irrespective of her economic background. With all her rich cultural antiquity, diversity and heritage, India has also been a country that has suppressed her women. It is ironic to say the least, because Indians have always worshipped their country as a ‘Janani’ or ‘Mother’. On the one hand they...