Socio-Economic Effects of Dolphinariums on Small Island Destinations

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The Socio-Economic effects of dolphinariums on small island destinations

Joanne Armantrading
Stefan Oosterwaal

International Management & Business Research Methodology
University of Aruba

Table of contents
Intro 3
Literature Review 6
Conceptual Model11
Hypotheses 21
Research Design23
Secondary data analysis27
Primary data30

There has been a lot of talk about whether there a dolphinarium should be established on the island of Aruba. There has been a lot of controversy from the side of the community. Animal Rights Aruba and Aruba Marine Mammal Foundation are just some of the organizations that have expressed their feelings about this matter. They are not afraid of voicing their opinions, and their opinions are not always positive when it comes to building a dolphinarium on Aruba. The idea of a dolphinarium on Aruba is not highly appreciated. Why not? Most people will tell you that it is a form of animal abuse. Keeping animals in captivity and training them just to amuse humans is immoral. However, we are not going to look at the biological or ethical side of this matter, we are going to look at the impacts that a dolphinarium might have on our community. Are there positive impacts, are there negative impacts? Will these impacts be social, economic, environmental or all of them? This is what we want to know. We would like to get an answer to some of the questions that arise about a dolphinarium on Aruba. There are different islands in the Caribbean that do have a dolphinarium. The statistics of these islands can be of important value for us to see what can happen to us once we have a dolphinarium on the island. The visitor arrivals in Aruba normally are above the 1.000.000 per year, these people arrive by either airplanes or cruises. As soon as people set foot on the island they spend money here. Now, one of the questions that we have is: Once we have a dolphinarium, will more people come to our island and will they spend more money? We need to find the ideal methodology to answer our questions. As mentioned, there are other destinations in the Caribbean that do have a dolphinarium and we’ll be analyzing their visitor arrivals and expenditures. We will also make a survey to ask the public opinion. Do people actually agree with the idea of a dolphinarium or do they resent it? Will these opinions have an effect on the possible economic welfare a dolphinarium can bring? Another big question is: Is a dolphinarium sustainable, and can it help with the sustainable development of our island. Sustainable development is a term coined by the Brundtland commission; it is defined as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Aruba, like many other destinations, is trying to become a sustainable destination. We want to find out whether the effects a dolphinarium has on our island contribute to its sustainability. To analyze the effects of a dolphinarium on Aruba we need data. The data that we are going to use in our research is data from other destinations that got a dolphinarium in the last six years. We are going to analyze the impacts that these dolphinariums have caused. By analyzing these effects, we will come to the conclusion whether a dolphinarium will be a significant contribution to our social and economic lives. By building a dolphinarium we will be contributing to the diversification of our island. We offer great products for different markets. For people that like activities in the sea & sun we offer a great variety of water sports and other water activities. For people that want to wine and dine we have Aruba Gastronomic Association. We offer almost everything for everyone. However, one of the things...
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