Socio Economic Development in China

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Sustainable Development, from Kyoto to Durban Germany vs. China

Professor Frank Peng Chair of Economics Director of World Bank Studies School of Economics and Management Tongji University

Shanghai December 16th, 2011

Table of contents
Introduction.................................................................................................................. 1 From Kyoto to Durban ................................................................................................. 2 Kyoto Protocol ......................................................................................................... 2 Durban Conference ................................................................................................. 3 Sustainable Development in Germany ........................................................................ 5 Sustainable Development in China ............................................................................. 8 Conclusion................................................................................................................. 11 Bibliography............................................................................................................... 13

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Introduction
I decided to write about Sustainable Development. I recently heard and read a lot about Sustainable Development, mainly in connection to the climate conference which took place in Durban and just ended a few days ago. Sustainable Development is a big topic back home in Germany and is in the media all the time. I think German people cannot avoid this topic, if they look the news on television or read a newspaper. I personally believe that this is a good thing, because Sustainable Development is an important topic and should be valued more in most society. I do not think that Germany has done everything right and there are a lot more actions Germany can undertake to protect the environment and try to preserve Germany’s environment. Since the Durban clima conference has been in the media that often recently, I was astonished how fast China’s carbon emissions have been growing during the last years. On the other hand I should have expected the rapid growth of carbon emission if I consider the growth of China’s GDP in the last years. Another interesting fact, which leads me to the topic of Sustainable Development is the new 5-year-program, China published this year. As I will describe later, for the first time, Sustainable Development was addressed by the government as a major goal for the future. Therefore I want to give an overview of the Kyoto protocol and the development until today and how China and Germany have addressed Sustainable Development and what they are planning for the future, but most important I want to share my own view on the actions China and Germany take and how I have experienced the Chinese attitude towards Sustainable Development.

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From Kyoto to Durban
Following I want to give a short overview about the Kyoto protocol form 1997 and the goals set by the participating countries and in how far the goals where achieved until today. An important not is that the achievements will be measured at the end of the Year 2012 and failing to achieve the goals will result in penalities, which will be discussed later on a specific example.

Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The major feature of the Kyoto Protocol are the binding targets for 37 industrialized countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions . According to the Kyoto Protocol, the following are included as greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide (CO2ccording to the Kyoto Protocol, the following are included as greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide (CO2)T, methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), partly halogenated hydrofluororcarbons (HFCs) and others. Following carbon dioxide emission, as the major source of the

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