Socio-Economic Conditions of Tribal Female Workers in Bangladeshi Beauty Parlors

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Asian Journal of Business Management 3(2): 136-144, 2011
ISSN: 2041-8752
© Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2011
Received: January 16, 2011 Accepted: February 11, 2011 Published: May 15, 2011 Corresponding Author: Feroz Ahmed, Administration Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh 136
Socio-economic Conditions of Tribal Female Workers of the
Beauty Parlors in Bangladesh
1Nargis Akhter, 2Feroz Ahmed and 3Sohrab Hossain
1Department of Business Administration, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh 2Administration Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh 3Business Administration Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh Abstract: The study highlights the socio-economic conditions of tribal female workers of the beauty parlors in Bangladesh. The study consists of 240 sample tribal female workers of the different beauty parlors situated in six divisional towns of Bangladesh and judgment sampling technique was used to select this sample. The study reveals that tribal women working at beauty parlor draw competitively higher salary than other tribal people; they live at a comparatively healthy physical environment provided by their owners. Majority of the respondents mentioned that their earnings have improved their economic condition significantly and more than half of them have past work experience of the same job. The tribal female workers of the beauty parlors in Bangladesh are not only generating income from the beauty parlors they are providing a valuable service to the new consumer society. The main stream society is not yet ready to provide this type of services. So, we should not treat this migrant community as temporary visitors rather we should treat them as indispensable and contributing factor of the social and economic development in Bangladesh. There should be initiative from the government of Bangladesh to inspect health; safety; welfare and other related issues of the beauty parlors in Bangladesh and take necessary actions in this regard. Finally, the future research directions are presented. Key words: Beauty parlors, socio economic conditions, tribal female workers INTRODUCTION

Women, in general, form the ‘Fifth World’, that is the
‘poorest of the poor’ and throughout history they had to face different forms of exploitation and oppression in all
countries (Kaushik, 1994). In social accounting, it may
rather sound naïve to mention that the longterm prospects
of females and society depend much on their
participation in productive activities (Bhattacharjee and
Malakar, 1998).
The participation of females in the workforce has
started increasing during the world wars. More and more
females are joining the workforce in developed as well as
developing country. Many occupations which were
traditionally dominated by women such as nursing,
teaching, being a secretary- continue to be popular with
females. But women have also moved increasingly into
other occupations, which were previously dominated by
males. They are working as lawyers, doctors, executives,
etc. besides; the number of women is increasing in many
blue collar jobs also (Moorhead and Griffin, 1999).
According to Salway et al. (2005), working woman can
accumulate personal assets and secure their own wellbeing
as well as they can manage money and shop for
households better than non-working woman.
Bangladesh is one of the 203 independent countries
of the world and this country likes to introduce itself as
homogeneous national entity. But it could not converge
tribal people which are a considerable part of the total
community to a single point. It is their irony of fate that
led them to be deprived even from getting a dignity of
complete citizenship and has kept them in poverty,
malnutrition, starvation and so on. In our country tribal
people suffer from many acute problems that need
immediate attention. These problems relate to various
issues of tribal people such as social, economical,...
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