A PROJECT REPORT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE
HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM MANANGEMENT OF PWANI UNIVERSITY COLLEGE (A Constituent College of Kenyatta University)
ISAAC KIPKEMEI KENGE H12/PUC/2742/07
This is my original piece of work and has not been presented for award of any degree in any University.
SIGNATURE ………………………………… DATE ………………………………….
ISAAC KIPKEMEI KENGE REGISTRATION NO. H12/PUC/2742/07
This research report has been submitted with my approval as the project supervisors.
MR. TOCHI B. NIPPA (The project supervisor)
This work is dedicated to Mrs. Alphina Bwaley for the continued support she has accorded to me in my pursuit of excellence, my only brother Mr. Martin Kipsang Kenge and my only sister Ms. Eunice Jepkorir Kenge for always giving me a sense of belongingness. My Aunty Mrs. Rodah Rotich for helping me get to golden gate. God bless you and the work of your hands.
I would like to acknowledge the following for their valuable contribution in making my research a success: The Hospitality and Tourism department, the 2007 class, Silas Mutugi, Jacob Muriithi and above all the almighty God.
Impacts arise when tourism brings changes in value systems / behaviour, threatening indigenous identity. Changes often occur in community structure, family relationships, collective traditional life styles, ceremonies and morality. But tourism can also generate positive impacts as it can serve as a supportive force for peace, foster pride in cultural traditions and help avoid urban relocation by creating local jobs. Socio-cultural impacts are ambiguous: the same objectively described impacts are seen as beneficial by some groups and as negative by others. This research aimed at finding out the socio-cultural impacts of tourism development to the residents of Kilifi Township. Questionnaires were used to collect data while qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyse the findings.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Declaration Dedication Acknowledgement Abstract Table of contents List of tables and figures CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Background information 1.3 Problem statement 1.4 Justification 1.5 Purpose and objectives of the study 1.6 Significance of the study 1.7 Limitations of the study 1.8 Research assumptions 1.9 Conceptual framework CHAPTER TWO 2.0 Literature review 2.1 Tourism development models 2.2 Development of tourism products 2.3 Sustainable tourism 6
i ii iii iv v vi
1 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 6
7 7 7 8
2.4 Adaptation of tourists’ demand 2.5 Culture clashes 2.6 Prostitution and sex tourism CHAPTER THREE Research methodology 3.0 Introduction 3.1 Research design 3.2 Location of the study 3.3 Target population 3.4 Sample selection and sample size 3.5 Data collection instruments 3.6 Pilot study 3.7 Validity of the instruments 3.8 Data collection process 3.9 Data analysis CHAPTER FOUR 4.0 Data collection and analysis 4.1 Response rate analysis 4.2 Changes/ loss of indigenous identity brought about by tourism development 4.3 Tourism development contribution to socio-cultural conservation 4.4 Management of cultural change in tourism regions and communities
11 11 12
13 13 13 14 14 15 16 16 17 17 18
19 19 21 25 28
CHAPTER FIVE 5.0 Conclusion and recommendations 5.1 Conclusion 5.2 Recommendations Budget References Appendices 30 30 31 33 34 36
LIST OF TABLES AND CHARTS Tables 4.1Responce rate analysis 4.2 Aspects indicating change/ loss of indigenous identity as a result of tourism 19 21
4.3.1 Levels of contribution tourism development tourism has had on cultural conservation in Kilifi Township 4.4.1 The management of cultural change in tourism regions and communities Charts...