Social Studies Report: Nepal

Topics: Nepal, Kathmandu, Gyanendra of Nepal Pages: 11 (3354 words) Published: December 15, 2012

I. Map of the Country
1.a .) Political map

The political map of Nepal divides and locates the important zone, capitals and the zones of Nepal. If you will look the legend, the international boundary severs as the boundary between China and India. Nepal is a land lock country. The boundary serves as a protection from the bad forces that will come from its neighboring countries. The zone boundary is a line between the different zones of Nepal. The national capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. There are 14 zones in Nepal. In each zone there is a zone capital or the districts. There are 75 districts in all. Within the zone, there are other cities. These are the components of the political map of Nepal.

1.b.) Climate of Nepal
The seasons in Nepal are pretty much the same as in Europe. In January it's cold, while in July you could make do with shorts and t-shirt. But Nepal remains a country of extremes, and, if you're planning to head into the mountains, you definitely need to be aware of the Nepal trekking season. The Nepal climate is moderate, which means the winters are dry and the summers are hot. But because of the huge range in altitude and landscape, Nepal climate differs considerably throughout the country. 

Nepal climate - The Lower Plains 
• (sub)tropical.
• Summers are hot and humid and temperatures can soar to 40°C. (May and early June). • Winters in the lower plains are mild and dry with temperatures averaging between 10°C - 17°C. 

Nepal climate - Himalayan foothills
• a moderate climate with warm summers and cool winters.  • Average temperatures vary from 10°C in January to 24°C in July. • Winter- pretty chilly. Temperatures drop and nights can be very cold, although they rarely sink to below freezing

Nepal climate - Himalayan Mountain Range
• have an alpine Nepal climate.
• Temperatures remain below 0°C and the landscape is covered with snow and ice. 

Nepal climate: Monsoon season
• June to September
• rains gradually advance east to west
• receive a lot of rain (up to 2000mm-3000mm)

Overall Score: 50.1World Rank: 146

II. Country’s Roots and Origin
Until the late 1700’s, Nepal consisted of a number of small, independent kingdoms. About A.D. 400, the Kathmandu valley, where the Nepalese capital is now located, came to be Nepal. Through the centuries, bands of conquers, nomads, and refuges moved in Nepal. They came from central Asia, India, and Tibet and were the ancestors.

In the mid 1700’s Prithwi Narayan Shah, a king from a small Nepalese kingdom called Gorkha, has establish a military system. By the time of his death in 1775, he conquered most of the regions in Nepal. He gains the title as the king of Nepal, and his descendants become monarch.

In early 1800’s, Nepal fought against the United Kingdom. They tried to conquer the northern India. The British has controlled India so much, they guarded the Indian border line. The British declared war to the Nepalese in 1814 after the Nepalese troops attacked a British outpost. The British was defeated because of mountain fighting of the Nepalese. In 1816, they defeated the Nepalese. They both become allies after the war. Nepal’s Gurkha soldiers impressed the British and they began to recruit Gurhas for their forces.

In 1846, a leader named Jung Bahadur seized control of Nepal. He took the title Rana and declared that his family will lead the country. They will kill their foes or imprisoned them. Their reign ended in 1951. Because a revolution happened in 1950 and this is reason on restoring back the monarchy under the hands of King Tribuhvan Shah in 1951.

In King Tribuhyan Shah’s ruling, a democratic government was established but after his death, his successor, his son, Mahendra, dissolved the government and banned the political parties. He was the enemy of the political parties. In 1962, he established the...
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