Social Studies Csec Study Guide

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for CSEC

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A Caribbean Examinations Council® Study Guide

for CSEC

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Pat Lunt • Lena Buckle-Scott
Vilietha Davis-Morrison • Ancillia Louis

A Caribbean Examinations Council® Study Guide

Contents
Introduction

1

Section A
Individual, family and society

1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
Unit 1

Social groups and institutions
Caribbean culture
Social groups
Institutions
Cohesion in groups and institutions
Leadership, cohesion and interaction
in groups and institutions
2.6 Functions of institutions
Unit 2 Practice exam questions

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Unit 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5

6
8

Section B
Sustainable development and use of
resources
Unit 4 Development and use of resources
4.1 Resources
62
4.2 Factors influencing population
change
64
4.3 Population distribution
66
4.4 Migration: causes and consequences 68
4.5 Population statistics
70
4.6 Developing human resources 1
72
4.7 Developing human resources 2:
education, sports and culture
74
4.8 Employment, unemployment and
under-employment
76
4.9 Preparation for the world of work
78
Unit 4 Practice exam questions
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1.5

2
4

56
58
60

10
12
14

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1.4

The family
What is a family?
Different family types and unions
Roles, relationships and
responsibilities in the family 1
Roles, relationships and
responsibilities in the family 2
Changing roles in the contemporary
Caribbean family
The results of changing roles in the
Caribbean family
Preparing for parenthood and
effective parenting
Contemporary social issues
influencing Caribbean family life 1
Contemporary social issues
influencing Caribbean family life 2
The family and the law
Practice exam questions

18
20
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Unit 1
1.1
1.2
1.3

3.10 The relationship between citizens
and government
3.11 The essentials of good governance
Unit 3 Practice exam questions

Unit 3 Government
3.1 Different types of government
3.2 The structure of government 1:
the legislature
3.3 The structure of government 2:
the executive
3.4 The structure of government 3:
the judiciary
3.5 Functions of government
3.6 Electoral processes
3.7 How political parties prepare for
elections
3.8 What influences the outcome of
elections?
3.9 What influences voter participation?

24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48

50
52
54

Unit 5
5.1
5.2
5.3

Resources
Natural resources
Natural energy resources
Sustainable development 1:
use of resources
5.4 Sustainable development 2: marine,
river and wetland resources
Unit 5 Practice exam questions

Unit 6 Regional integration
6.1 Regional integration 1: challenges
facing the Caribbean region
6.2 Regional integration 2: major
economic challenges
6.3 The road to regional integration
6.4 The OECS Secretariat, the CARICOM
Secretariat and Conference of Heads
of Government: the functions
6.5 The OECS, CARICOM and the CSME:
the objectives
6.6 Promoting regional integration
6.7 Benefits of regional integration
6.8 Barriers to regional integration
6.9 Facilitating the integration process
6.10 Regional agencies and integration
Unit 6 Practice exam questions

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100
102
104
106
108
110
112

iii

Contents
Section C
Options: Communication, consumer affairs
and tourism

8.5
8.6

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8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12

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8.4

116

Consumer affairs
Categories of consumers
132
Influences on consumer demand
134
How consumers use modern
technology
136
The role of government and other
agencies in consumer protection
138
The role of government, agencies
and business in consumer protection 140
How consumers can protect
themselves
142
The thrifty consumer
144
Saving: reasons and benefits
146
Devaluation and inflation
148
Globalisation and trade liberalisation 150
The role of the...
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