Title: South Carolina during the Civil War
Standard 8-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the multiple events that led to the Civil War.
Indicator 8-4. Analyze key issues that led to South Carolina’s secession from the Union, including the nullification controversy and John C. Calhoun, the extension of slavery and the compromises over westward expansion, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the Dred Scott decision, and the election of 1860. SO, WHERE DO WE NEED TO BEGIN?
* Nullification Controversy:
* By the late 1820's, the north was becoming increasingly industrialized, and the south was remaining predominately agricultural. * Therefore, if a state found a federal law unconstitutional and detrimental to its sovereign interests, it would have the right to "nullify" that law within its borders. Calhoun advanced the position that a state could declare a national law void. * John C. Calhoun:
* Created the Doctrine of Nullification
* Slavery and Westward Expansion:
* By the beginning of the 19th century, slavery in the U.S. was firmly established with a series of statutes and penal codes enacted in various states to regulate the activity of slaves and all conduct involving slaves and free blacks. With the Louisiana Purchase, the question of slavery became both geographical and political, and ushered in a period of national debate between pro- and anti-slavery states to gain political and economic advantage. But by 1820, Congress was embroiled in the debate over how to divide the newly acquired territories into slave and free states. * The Missouri Compromise—also referred to as the Compromise of 1820—was an agreement between the pro- and anti-slavery factions regulating slavery in the western territories. TO ACT OR NOT TO ACT
* Kansas-Nebraska Act: The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise, allowing slavery in the territory north of the 36°...