- ANANYA MISHRA
“IS IT UNIVERSAL”
2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE
6. DISCUSSIONS BASED ON FINDINGS
In sociology and other social sciences, social stratification refers to the hierarchical arrangement of individuals into divisions of power and wealth within a society. The concept of stratification came into existence in 1940’s.the term stratification was borrowed from the earth science .i.e the science of geology. Social stratification is the root cause which results in inequalities. The criteria for social stratification are income , privileges, ethnicity, disability, education ,access to benefits and sex. Stratification is a characteristic of society and not just individual differences. In other words it results from the social structure and it affects everyone.Stratification is universal, but extremely variable in form.Stratification persists over generations.it is still prevalent in our society. Four basic forms of stratification are class,caste,estate and slavery. REVIEW OF LITERATURE: Historical context:- In the American 19th and 20th century class stratification systems The structural functional paradigm argues that stratification systems are functional for society. The Davis-Moore Thesis argues that industrial societies are most productive under a system of meritocracy. Under this type of inequality, the stratification system rewards good performers (with high wages) and punishes poor performers (with low wages). Davis-Moore argue that some jobs need to pay more than others – they are important jobs – so their high pay will attract the best performers. These top performers will be more innovative and this is functional for society.Functionalists also argue that stratification promotes in-group solidarity....
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