Social Stratification in Kenyan Communities

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Social stratification refers to the ranking /ordering/classification of people in a society as determined by various parameters which includes language, gender, power, tribal affiliation, education, religion as a result of education. Stratification is wide spread in the Kenyan communities as a result affecting the economic, political and social relationship among the Different communities in Kenya, discussed below are the factors which make Kenya be regarded as stratified. EDUCATION

The education system has seen much of stratification being a key element in stratification; Kenyans have seen many disparities in the education system offered to its citizen. This has been seen in enrollment levels which have been highly influenced by colonial policies On development, certain regions in Kenya have benefited more from development in terms of social amenities. This school usually have high infrastructure with well developed in terms of buildings, equipped libraries and high number of qualified teachers. This system still holds and education is still distributed along colonial administrative division. Communities in more regions benefit from the proximity to these facilities. These regional disparities make sum schools to be well developed while others have no roof or equipped library or qualified teachers. Secondly, although primary education is free poverty has continued to be a key factor in the access to education in that it has been a challenge to many in the ability to provide books uniform and books to their children. Poverty has also impact on the transition to secondary school education this is because schools have different requirements and this consideration may lock many poor kids out. While in higher education of learning cost sharing policy is common where students supplement their cost of living by for income generating activities, Another factor is the introduction of privately sponsored students where students from higher socio economic strata access higher education since they afford to therefore it increases the disparities between people from different classes. Gender disparities has also been a key issue in terms of education access, most Kenyan communities do not value educating their girls hence its always normal to find boys outnumbering the girls in most schools..The fewer females who get the chances are oriented to focus on certain disciplines e.g. the business related courses. Unequal access to education is a basic characteristic of educational system in Kenya which has led to further deepening of regional, class and gender differences in Kenya. This has seen the inequality of Kenyan’s children while others are getting education from a well established institution others are learning under unbearable conditions.

Gender has been stratified as been male or female Individuals, males are often considered superior to the females. Gender disparities in Kenya has seen poverty, HIV/AIDS and cultural practices affect the enrollment of females in schools. Work is often divided according to gender especially in rural areas, this has forced many women to stay home still looking after the house and taking care of the babies. It is also common that men move to urban centers to look for well paying jobs compared to women who often get secretarial or jobs in food service sector in order to provide for their families. Some communities still dwell on arranged marriages Women are still treated as second class citizens in Kenya, despite the disproportionate in a family. It is always believed that are always come first in everything. Wife beating is still common and women have little legal recourse. Representation is also in parliament is also low. Customs in Kenya affect the woman in so many factors, this includes: some women in certain communities still undergo female genital mutilation which leaves them in...
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