Social Stratification During the Period of Reconstruction Simeon Walton
Professor Elisa Queenan
April 08, 2013
Social Stratification 2
This paper will cover principles of social stratification and the Ordeal of Reconstruction from 1865–1877. Stratification by definition is, “The act or process of arranging persons into classes or social strata” (Bailey, Chapter 22). This kind of social stratification was paramount during the onset of early developing civilizations and Empires. After the conclusion of the civil war social stratification in this new America was faced with a new set of circumstances. That directly where related to the everyday well- being of the commoner while Government and local agencies created the Laws of Governance. This directly translates into prepositions and conditions being forced onto American soil and dually its Citizens. Further description into this very human process of awareness brings on the formation of the ‘Human existence’. This also irks the creation of other forms of existence for a person, place or thing. With the Civil War over, the immediate needs of the nation was focused on the Reconstruction period of the South. This “Ordeal of Reconstruction” assisted the freed slaves, reintegrating the Southern states into the Union, and decided who would direct the Reconstruction process. (Bailey). The South was economically devastated and socially revolutionized by emancipation. As slave owners reluctantly confronted the end of slave labor, blacks took their first steps in freedom. Black churches and freedmen’s schools helped the former slaves begin to shape their own destiny (Mecasian). Emancipation took effect unevenly in different parts of the conquered Confederacy. Education also arose for the blacks due to the emancipation proclamation. Blacks...