Social Stratification can be seen everywhere around us from our schools to government agencies to even our homes. Social Stratification refers to the placement of people in society into a hierarchical arrangement. It is an actual part of our social system that represents the differentiation of opportunities that we receive in our everyday lives. The idea of hierarchy emerged in the 17th and 18th century by sociologist Hobbes and Locke and it was through these sociologists that people realized that inequality existed in the society. There are different forms of Social Stratification that exist in our societies namely; caste societies – in this society person’s status is attributed to them at birth and not by their accomplishments, class society - in this society person’s status is attributed to them by the accomplishments they have achieved, classless society – this is a society where there is no status, a true classless society does not exist. For the purpose of this paper class and caste societies will be analyzed. In this paper four major points of necessity of Social Stratification will be analyzed and criticized to form a conclusion as to whether Social Stratification is a necessary phenomenon or not. The four points are: * Social Stratification allows people who have accomplished varying ability and wealth to function in ways that are appropriate for them. * Social Stratification facilitates stability and equilibrium * Social Stratification impacts on material as well as non-material aspects of life * Social Stratification assist wealthier countries to remain wealthy
1. Social Stratification allows people who have accomplished varying ability and wealth to function in ways that are appropriate for them. This is a functionalist perspective supported by Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore. They started by pointing out that “no society is classless or unstratified” These sociologists explain that in order for a society to function smoothly...
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