Attitude measurement scales
Life history (oral history)
Collective action and investigation
How do social sciences benefit and influence your personal life
Psychology. Social science that studies what we are, what characterized us as individuals our feelings, intellectual capacities, temper, self-image, attitudes, values, fears and thoughts. Communication. Who says what to whom and what is the objective? We can exchange emotions, ideas, concepts. Physical Anthropology. Human behavior science that studies biological evolution of human beings. Cultural Anthropology. Social science that studies the flourishing and development of cultures. Culture. A shared and learnt way of living, social heritage that is learnt and transfer from one generation to the next. Education. Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, positive judgment and well-developed wisdom. Law. Rules. Relationship between individuals. Law means a rule which is capable of enforcement through institutions. Many laws are based on norms accepted by a community and thus have an ethical foundation. Politics. Social science that studies how humans get organized, take decisions. It also studies power in international relations and the theory of great powers and superpowers. Economics. Social science that studies human decisions regarding production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. History. Social science that studies human facts through time. It is the continuous, systematic narrative and research into past human events as interpreted through historiographical paradigms or theories. Demography. Social science that studies the composition and distribution of human population. Sociology. Social science that studies the way we live as a group, the origin and development of societies, human behavior within social situations and the results of living in a community. Human geography. Social science that studies the configuration, the land, the weather and the physical setting of Earth as the main shelter for human beings.
Societies through history
The river societies:
Ancient Mesopotamia is known as one of the cradles of human civilization because during the fourth millennium BCE, the earliest cities in Western history were constructed in the area known as the “Fertile Crescent.” The surpluses won from organized agriculture opened up the area to trade with near and more distant neighbors. The cultural openness of Mesopotamia is mirrored in its geography. The only land through which all trade routes from Europe to Asia and from Africa to Asia cross is Mesopotamia. The area's lack of natural boundaries (like difficult mountain ranges or large rivers) led the Mesopotamians to a receptiveness to external influences. Sometimes these influences were accepted and sometimes they were forced on the Mesopotamians by invading groups interested only in the material wealth to be appropriated from the land.
This receptivity led to Mesopotamia’s singular position in the history of human society. It must be seen as one of the first significant multilingual, multicultural societies in history, with its 3,000 years of development and no less than four major periods under different ruling groups (Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Persian). Its culture also influenced its neighbors: the Egyptians, the Ancient Hebrews, and, to the East, India. Furthermore, the domestication of wild plants and animals was accomplished in Mesopotamia around 8500 BCE, well before any other nascent civilization. Ancient Egypt. The civilization of Ancient Egypt was one of the earliest in world history. It is usually held to have come to fruition in around 3000 BC, when...