Social Science

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Some characteristics of a modern nation state are centralization of power, strong monarchs, and national identity and loyalty. It is based on the idea that the state can treat large numbers of people equally by efficient application of the law through the bureaucratic machinery of the state. (Nation state)An example of a nation is the Kurds. The Kurds, who are about 25 million, are the largest ethnicity in the world without a state of its own. Kurds now live in parts of Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Men wear baggy trousers with matching jackets. Women wear long dresses over trousers. The Kurdish shoe is called a klash. Kurdish music is a vital part of their daily life. They have instruments such as flutes, drums, and an ut- ut which is a type of guitar. Kurdistan consists basically of the mountainous areas of the central and northern Zagros, the eastern one-third of the Taurus and Pontus, and the northern half of the Amanus ranges. The highest points in the land now are respectively Mt. Alvand of southern Kurdistan in Iran at 11,745 feet, Mt. Halgurd in central Kurdistan in Iraq at 12,249 feet, Mt. Munzur at 12,600 feet in western Kurdistan and Mt. Ararat at 16,946 feet in northern Kurdistan, both in Turkey. (About the Kurds)

An example of a state is Angola. The geography of Angola is the area is about 1,246,700 sq. km. The Capital of Angola is Luanda which has a population of about 6 million people. Their climate is tropical. Their people are called Angolans and consist of about 18,000,000 people total. Angola has a republic government and they gained their independence November 11, 1975. Their Branches consists of the Executive--elected president (chief of state), vice president, 2 ministers of state through whom other ministers are expected to report, 28 ministers, 21 secretaries of state, and 39 deputy ministers. Legislative--elected National Assembly (220 seats; 3 seats are reserved for Angolans out of the country and remain vacant). The Judicial branch hosts the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court. (Affairs, 2011) Some of their natural resources are petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, bauxite, uranium, gold, granite, copper, feldspar. Their agriculture consists of bananas, sugarcane, coffee, sisal, corn, cotton, manioc, tobacco, vegetables, plantains; livestock; forest products; fisheries products. (Affairs, 2011) An example of a nation state is Iceland. Iceland is about 103,000 square kilometers. Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle. Their government is Parliamentary Republic and consists of executive--president (head of state), prime minister (head of government), and cabinet (10 ministers including the Prime Minister). Legislative--63-member unicameral parliament (Althingi). Judicial--Supreme Court, district courts, special courts. (Iceland, 2011) Iceland’s natural resources consist of Marine products, hydroelectric, and geothermal power. Their agriculture products are fish, potatoes, turnips, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, cereal grains, livestock, milk, and other dairy products. Although the inhabitants are ethnically related to other Scandinavian groups, the national culture and language are found only in Iceland. There are no cross-border minorities; the nearest land is too far away, which makes Iceland a nation state.

The United States fits the criteria of and functions as a modern nation state because it offers a cultural consistency, sovereignty and fixed territory. The United States territory includes any points of extended spatial location under the control of the United States federal government. Various regions, districts and divisions are under the supervision of the United States federal government. The United States territory includes clearly defined geographical area and refers to an area of land, air or sea under jurisdiction of United States federal governmental authority (but is...
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