Certain processes play divisive or disintegrative roles in the social life of individuals or groups. These are called dissociative processes. Conflict, competition and mutual opposition are called as dissociative processes.
Many thinkers say that antagonistic or decisive process also strengthens the process of social solidarity. Adam Smith defined the role of competition in the economic activities of production, distribution and consumption.
Man’s biological, psychological, cultural and social needs inspire him for competition. As trees in forest compete with one another to get sunlight, in a similar way wild animals compete for food, water and security.
In the same way competition goes on among human beings with, the desire to fulfill their needs. Wherever and whenever the commodities which people want are available in a limited supply, there is competition.
Park and Burgess say that “Competition is art interaction without social contact.”
Biesanz says that “Competition is the striving of two or more persons for the same goal which is limited so that all cannot have.”
According to Sutherland, Woodward and Maxwell “Competition is an impersonal, unconscious, continuous struggle between individual or groups for satisfaction which, because of their limited supply, all may not have.”
Nature and Characteristics of Competition :
1. Impersonal action :-
Competition is not a personal action. The individual may aware but has no personal contact with other competitors. The attention of competitors are fixed on goal. Therefore, the personal and direct relations do not exist among the competitors.
2. Unconscious action :-
Competition is an unconscious action and occurs unconsciously. The competitors even do not know each other but their attention is fixed on the goal which is regarded as the main object of their competition.
3. Continuous Process :-
Competition never comes to an end. It is found in every area of social activity....
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