Social Learning Theory

Topics: Criminology, Crime, Sociology Pages: 5 (1135 words) Published: April 16, 2012
Research Methods
Social Learning theory
Social Learning Theory
The Social Learning Theory states: by combining variables that can encourage delinquency, deviant behavior can be exhibited. When you break up social learning, social means the interaction of organisms or humans with other humans. Learning is when you can acquire new or existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.

In the Social Learning Theory, Ronald Akers and Robert Burgess use Edwin Sutherland’s “Differential Association Theory" to create their social learning theory to explain deviancy. The two believed that people could learn from other humans what was accepted as deviant/bad or non-deviant/not bad. If they acted deviant, they could learn from their consequences. By using the Social Learning Theory humans actually believed an increase of punishment unlike the labeling theory. In the early 1970s, people began to see an increase in the prisons with the number of inmates occupying them.

When it comes to Juveniles, their abusers, and their learning ability, it affects their mental stability and in the future if they eventually start abusing others or committing crimes.
My first assumption would be that juveniles that are exposed to deviant behavior through siblings or parents and would follow in their footsteps. The second assumption would be if a child was sexually or even emotional abused, that child would later on abuse someone else emotional or sexually.

Juvenile Delinquency is when a child under the age of 17 gets themselves into illegal problems that turn them into criminals. While they continue to believe that they are criminals, they will continue to exhibit deviant behavior.

These arguments can lead to the following propositions:
1) Juveniles who are exposed to deviant behavior may exhibit the same behavior in the future.
2) Juveniles who are abused emotionally or sexually may exhibit the same behavior to offspring or spouses in the future.
3) Juveniles who are taught to participate in delinquent behavior will continue to participate in delinquent behavior.
The research will use the following working definitions:
Dependent Variables:
Deviant behavior after abuse: The behavior of the victim shown after the abuse had happened to him or her. Deviant behavior after exposure: The behavior of the juvenile shown after the exposure of criminal behavior. Independent Variables:

Juvenile’s age: Juveniles age when abuse or criminal behavior was shown. Behavior before the abuse: Behavior of the victim before the abuse had happened to him or her. Behavior before the exposure: Behavior of the juvenile before the exposure of criminal behavior occurred. Operationalization:

The levels of subjects' behaviors and crime occurrences will be indicated by crime reports of an individual subject.
By circling the number, indicate to what level of appropriateness you believe is true to the following scenarios. When circling please circle 10 being that you believe in completely true and 1 being completely false. If it is a check question please check the most appropriate answer. 1) Please select your gender

____ Male _____ Female _____ other
If other please describe:

2) At what age group do you belong to?
_____ 4-8 ________ 8-12 ______ 13-15 ________ 16-18

3) What is your ethnicity?

____White____Black____Asian ___Latino ____Other

4) In what city and state that you live in?

6) Who do you live with?
_____ Both parents ______ Just mom _____ Just dad ______ Grandparents _______ Siblings_____ Grandparents _______ Foster Parents ______ Adopted Parents ______ Guardian/s ______ Other

7) How many siblings do you have?
____ 0 _____1 ______ 2 ______3 _____4 ______More than for ______ do not know

8) Are you a Gang Member?
______ Yes _______ No _________Considering It ______ Use to be

9) Has any one in your family/ friends been in a gang?
______ Mom...
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