PSY 330 Theories of Personality
June 3, 2011
Albert Bandura & Walter Mischel; Social Learning Theory
While working on the Alaskan Highway, Bandura got to know the men he worked with. Most of these men had fled to Alaska in order to escape the creditors, alimony and probation officers. This is what gave him the incentive to major in psychology. Albert Bandura received his B.A. From the University of the British Columbia in 1949. He then obtained his PhD. From the University of Iowa in 1952. During this period of study he developed the social learning theory. Bandura has many awards and honors from fellow psychologists. He received an achievement award from m The American Psychological Association and a Scientist Award from the California State Psychological Association (Isom, 1998).
Bandura was elected the president of the psychological Association in 1974 and in 1980 he was elected to the President of the Western Psychological Association. (Isom, 1998). In 1953, Albert Bandura started teaching at Stanford University. At this time Bandura and a graduate student by the name of Richard Walters, wrote and published the book titled "Adolescent Aggression" (Boerre, 1953).
Some of Bandura's beliefs were that research should be done in a laboratory in order to control factors that determines behavior. He also believed that we do not inherit violent tendencies but instead they are modeled. He believed that the "aggression reinforced by family members was the most prominent source of behavior modeling". Some believe that the environmental. experiences is a second influence of the social learning of violence in children. Bandura reported that individuals living in high crime rate areas are more likely to act violent (Isom, 1998). Mischel Lived and went to school in Brooklyn New york. At the New York University, Mischel studied psychology, sculpture and painting. Upon graduation Mischel entered the MA Program in clinical psychology at City College of New York. While going to college Mischel worked as a social worker dealing with juvenile delinquents and it was that work that brought about the realization that the psychoanalytic theory was not very useful. (Olson,2011)
Mischel worked on his PhD at Ohio State University and there It was here that he met and s George Kelly and Julian Rotter. “Rotter's work emphasized the importance of expectancies in human behavior and Kelly stressed the importance of the formulation of mental concepts in dealing with the current situations and DE-emphasized the importance of traits.”(Olson, p. 325)
Mischel studied religious cults from 1956 to 1958 and at this time Mischel began to study delayed gratification and that became one of his lifelong passions. Mischel taught at the University of Colorado and then joined the Department of Social Relations at Harvard University. Mischel met and became a colleague of Albert Bandura in 1962 at Stanford. Mischel received awards himself for his achievements. The Distinguished Scientist Award in 1978 and The Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award in 1982. He also wrote books and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences (Olson, 2011)
Mischel was elected as President for the Association for Psychological Science in 2007, the National Academy of Sciences in 2004, he was twice awarded the Merit Award from the National Institute of Mental Health, received the Jack Block Award for Distinguished Contributions to Personality Psychology in 2005, elected President to the Association for Research in Personality in 2002, and received the Distinguished Scientist Award from the Society of Experimental Social Psychologists in 2000 (Mischel and Bandura)
The "Social Cognitive Theory has been extremely heuristic." The information provided on topics of vital importance such as aggression, behavior, the delay of gratification, and the influence of...