ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE COURSE
The Issues of Social Justice and Gender Justice in Sudan
NAME: HANADI MOHAMED ABDELHALIM
Discussing the term gender justice is a complicated matter. because its part of a wider term which is social justice, and without knowing this term first we can’t understand gender justice, Since social justice is interrelated with economic and political aspects. in the first part of my essay, I am exploring the definitions and the background of the term social justice. this step will lead me to elaborate on the capitalism and neolibralism systems, as they reflect the related economic and political side of this topic, and to better understanding of the background of its emergence, also as an important sides to fully understand the importance of social justice as a key method to a good governance. Throughout this theories and concepts implementations, I tried to reflect them and their effect on a country case study, Sudan, so I can use the date and measures of development, as it’s implemented on reality to know the outcome of this theories and concepts. Also to highlight the absence of the social justice and gender justice from the frameworks and the minds of the governance. Social justice is considered to be the father of new born concept "gender justice". which is appearing nowadays by several ways, MDGs are one of this ways. these goals aimes to reconcile and balance the world map. and close the gap between men and women. The importance of this mechnism which came with goals socially directed like reducing poverty, education, gender equality, that they are being taking seriously by the national and international institutions and governments. Sudan is not performing will on them; I put some of the reasons and factors that make this country left behind on the achievement level of those goals. Finally, I tried to reflect that "the importance of Applying social justice and gender justice is a responsibility not only on the institutions but on the individuals themselves".
The Concept of Social Justice:
Social justice is the highlighted concept in the 21th century. Although its importance but u can’t find one solid definition that is adopted and agreed on globally, different thinkers with different approaches tried to explain this term. but in this paper i will adapt the definition used by The Center for Economic and Social Justice (CESJ) which has developed a definition that successfully draws together a number of core ideas central to better understanding the concept: “Social justice is the virtue which guides us in creating institutions which, when justly organized, provide access to what is good for the person, both individually and in association with others. Social justice imposes on each of us a personal responsibility to work with others to design and continually perfect our institutions as tools for personal and social development.” [CESJ, 2004]. this definition depend on the union of people as on front to gain social development, not only for the present, but to ensure better future for the next generations. Noting that the term of social justice isn’t a new or originated idea of the 21th century, you can trace its lineage back to Aristotle’s ideas about distributive justice or the moral teachings of Thomas Aquinas (Jackson, 2005), the first emerging of this term in book title was in 1900 by Miller, and the 18th century was the period which in, this term got its importance, thus the thinkers start to research what is social justice? And how we can gain it? why social justice matters?. The reason behind this attention to the social justice at that time refer to, in Jackson B is view, our modern understanding of social justice emerged in the late 18th century “as a child of the industrial and French revolutions”. (Jackson, 2005), also emerging out of the social